Chlamydia• bacteria spread by contact of both female and male contact•most commonbacteria STI•adolescent girls 5x rate•male discharge is usually chlamydia not gonorrhea•MEN: thin, clear discharge. Discomfort peeing. 50% of men asymptomatic•WOMEN: 75% ofwomen are asymptomatic •MEN: urethral damage, epidiymitus, Reiter’ssyndrome, prostatitis, • WOMEN: pelvic inflammatory disease. Baby born to mom may contracteye infection or pneumonia•Asithromycin or tetracycline (antibiotics)•NOT penicillin - Vaccine developed in mice-screening (more women screened)- CondomsGenital Herpes•viral – herpes simplex virus•transmitted through sex and oral•HSV1 used to be cold sores, and HSV2 was genital, now there is a mixing and HVS1/2 can cause genital•prevalence increases with age- 20% of Canadians infected•painful bumps andblisters•fever, headaches•painful urination•often asymptomatic•HSV1 is usually less severe•symptoms may be reoccurring as virus may go dormant •people are most infectious during an outbreak•reoccurring•meningitis and narrowing of urethra (both rare)•increase chance of HIV•may transmit in birth (vag birth is possible if no outbreak)– can causedeath in child•Acyclovir, Valtrex, famciclovir to treat symptoms•no cure- relaxation techniquesGonorrhea•bacterial•MEN: inflamed urethra (urethritis), •infertility, inflamed prostate &•antibiotics like
•penis/vag sex spreads it•can also affect mouth/throat, anus and eyes(common in babies which is why they are given silver nitrate.. without ababy could go blind)white/yellow discharge, burning pee•WOMEN: often no symptoms, vag discharge, painful pee. It mainly infects cervixseminal vesicles & bladder, epididymis•may cause pelvic inflammation in women •most common reason for infertility in womenpenicillin•urine samples and swabs detect it•some strandsare resistant to penicillin so Cirpro is usedHepatitis B•viral•other types: A, B, C, D & E •B is transmittedthrough blood, semen, vag, and body fluids. Sharing needles, razors, toothbrushes, sex, tats, peircin•100x more contagious than HIV•jaundice(yellow skin), fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea,pale stools, dark pee•asymptomatic•3types: 1.fight it off and now immune2. short term effects3.chronic effects•liver disease (cirrhosis or cancer)•antiviral drugs•vaccine available•no cureHIV/AIDS•human deficiency virus•HIV1 causes almost all cases, HIV2 is in Africa •transmission: sex, blood, needles, birth•flu-like symptoms•symptoms may not show for many years •destroys immune system•drug called HAART, protease inhibitors•AZT•DDIHPV•viral•40 types, ranging in severity •no data because its asymptomatic•condoms don’t fully protect (highly infectious)•infection can go away on own- transmitted through oral sex•cauliflower like warts that appear 3-8months later•often asymptomatic•MEN: penal and anal cancer. Men aren’t usually tested for HPV.