# Balances issingle gpas note the above declarations do

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balances isSingle gPAs . . . Note: the above declarations do not set aside any space for the elements of the arrays After the declarations, these variables store the value null (which means they don't point to anything). More about null later in the course. 8 Creating the array space The keyword, new, is used to create the array space for all the elements of the array. int [] balances; boolean [] isSingle; double [] gPAs; balances = new int [ 79 ] ; isSingle = new boolean [ 5 ] ; gPAs = new double [ 6 ] ; When we create the array space we need to decide the number of elements in the array. (This can not be changed later.) balances isSingle gPAs a a b b c c 9 Default value of array elements When we create an array, all the elements are initialised automatically to standard default values: balances isSingle gPAs a a b b c c 10 Assigning values to array elements Once the array space has been created, we can assign values to each element of the array. The index value identifies which element we are assigning to. int[] balances = new int[79]; boolean[] = new boolean[5]; balances [3] = 998765; isSingle [3] = true; balances [1] = 5; isSingle [4] = isSingle [3] ; balances [78] = balances [1] + balances [3] ; balances isSingle a c a c Assigning values to array elements We can initialise arrays as shown on the previous slide or we can declare and initialise in one statement. Note: this can only be done at declaration time. int[] numbers = {3, 8, 4, 9, 13, 5, 23, 14 }; a This statement creates the array space and initialises each element. int[] numbers = new int[8]; numbers[0] = 3; numbers[1] = 8; numbers[7] = 14; numbers a 11 12 The length field of an array Every array has a length field which stores the number of elements in the array. The length field can be accessed using dot notation: balances isSingle gPAs a a b b c c int[] balances = new int[79];

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