Simultaneously china began to accept foreign capital

This preview shows page 6 - 7 out of 16 pages.

Simultaneously, China began to accept foreign capital by avoiding import taxes for providing local manufacturing through Semi Knock Down (SKD) and Complete Knock Down (CKD) for assembly parts of products designed and sold overseas. By providing a cheap labour force for manufacture, this model provides private enterprises with greater development opportunities. At the same time, China imported finished assembly lines for the production of household electrical appliances from foreign countries. The aim here was to manufacture in order to supply the Chinese domestic market. The local Chinese market, at that time, had never been exploited and the supply of household appliances was inadequate. Thus it was a seller s market and sales were determined by productivity. The products coming off the state owned production lines compared poorly in their quality, design, function and make with products from foreign imported production lines. Many Chinese companies needed manufacture according to the foreign production lines constraints and the finished products were readily acceptable to the domestic consumer at that time. Design and Design Management in China 423 Through the 1970s to the early 1980s, manufacturing was mostly supported by production lines and technologies that originated from Japan, Germany or Italy. In 1979, the State Council approved the foundation of the Preparatory Committee for China Industrial Design Association. This was the most important event in the field of design in China and remains significant to this day. The government became aware of the function of industrial design in business innovation and development. However, there were more important issues from the economic reform process to resolve first. The government s purpose in promoting industrial design was more to facilitate the development of the nation s light industries and to increase the range of products, styles and variations available in the market. Design was not elevated or promoted as a tool for nationwide industrial innovation. The government s policy towards the development of design had not been as advanced as that of Japan and Korea until recent years. This may explain Chinese society s lack of the concept of and respect for, intellectual property, which in turn became a hurdle to the promotion of industrial innovation. It was not until 2000 that the situation for design in China improved significantly. Design Education Shifts from Arts to Industrial Design Systematic education in industrial design began to surface between 1977 and 1985 in China. The design academies in China first initiated contacts with academies already established in the western hemisphere and in Japan. For example, a number of Chinese scholars went to study in German or Japanese institutions such as Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden K nste, Stuttgart and Tsukuba University. Modern industrial design, system thinking and concepts were introduced after they returned.
Image of page 6

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 7
  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes