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4.P. 166: Olfactory capability at 1 wk. Taste & Smell - Does early experience affect later taste preference, what can newborns smell, what soothes them? Describe the development of attention from infancy to adolescence (lecture, see also Fig. 4 on p. 209 & p. 207-211). Know selective attention, divided attention, sustained attention, executive attention, 245.246.247.248.
249.250.Chapter 6 Cognition/Piagetp. 175-202See also summary p. 200-201 and Ch. 1, p. 19-21.1.PIAGETp. 175-176 & lecture: Constructivisim (see also p. 189). Scheme (or schema), adaptation, assimilation & accommodation, cognitive equilibrium & disequilibrium. Constructivism- the view of intelligence as a process that helps an organism adapt to its environment.Scheme (or schema)- cognitive structure or organized pattern of action or thought used to deal with experiencesAdaptation- the process of adjusting to the demands of environment. Assimilation- the process by which we interpret new experiences in terms ofexisting schemes or cognitive structuresAccommodation- the process of modifying existing schemes to better fit new experiences.Cognitive disequilibrium- an uncomfortable state of mind that the child seeks to resolve; cognitive conflictCognitive equilibrium-for Piaget, an internal search for equilibrium creates motivation for change