13.Describe the classification process in state prisons (C.O. 2, 3, 4)1.Based on the text, the classification process is “the process by which offenders areassigned to types of custody and treatment programs based on such factors as offense category, escape potential, substance-abuse patterns, previous experience with the criminal justice system, and so on” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). With this, an inmate may be allowed to choose a sort of “class” to take for an education in whatever field they would like to master in. This process is called institutional needs, which by the text would be defined as “basic and mandatory functions for assigning prisoners to support institutional objectives” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). Inmates may also be reclassified based on their behavior as they are moved to an area of lower security, especially when the inmate shows good exemplar behavior. Reference:Allen, H. E., Latessa, E. J., & Ponder, B. S. (2016). Corrections in America: an introduction (14th ed.). Boston: Pearson.14.Identify and describe the five different levels of security at the federal level (C.O. 2, 3, 4).1.The five different levels of security at the federal level include the minimum-security level, the low-security level, the medium-security level, high-security
level, and the administrative-security level. The minimum-security level is the level of security in which it allows freedom for other inmates to interact with eachother and programs that can be “consistent with the offender’s imprisonment” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). In the low-security level, “a correctional assignment of prisoners permitting limited mobility and program participation consistent with their incarceration”, which also includes double-fenced perimetersand dormitory housing as well as strong work components (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). Medium-security levels are classified with a restriction in the offenders’ movements and privileges while they are incarcerated. It also has a double-fenced perimeter with electronic detection systems and have a higher staff-to-inmate ratio with a wider variety of work and treatment programs. High-level security programs are designed to reduce inmate movement as well as the treatment participation. These facilities are also known as “supermax” security housing units, or “closed supervision”, where their borders are either walled or double fenced with “multiple- and single-occupant cell housing, close staff supervision, and close control of inmate movement” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). The final level, the administrative-security level is a facility with “special missions that might contain inmates from all custody levels,” these facilities typically hold inmates who are of “pretrial offenders, [with] the treatment of inmates with serious or chronic medical problems, or the containment of extremely dangerous, violent, or escape-prone inmates” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). Through this level, it may be able to have inmates of all the
different security categories as well as a reclassification that is determined by the behavior of the inmate in consideration of into a lower level.
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