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Functional residual capacity air left at the end of a

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Functional residual capacity: air left at the end of a normal exhalation, 75-120%Total lung capacity: air in the lungs after max inhalation, the is vital capacity + residualvolume, 80-120%Vital capacity: total amount of measure on max inhalation and max exhalation, this is totallung capacity – residual volumeExamine the pathologic basis of adult and pediatric disorders which affect thepulmonary system.Pulmonary Vascular Disorders1.Analyze the etiology, clinical manifestations and pathophysiology of pulmonary embolus,and pulmonary edema.
and hypoxemia.The clot maycause lunginfarction,decreased CO,shock and death.Pulmonary EdemaAccumulation ofwater in thepulmonaryalveolar sacs,preventing gasexchange.CP, dyspnea, hypoxia,orthopnea, paroxysmalnocturnal dyspnea,pulmonary rales,dullness to percussion,S3, and frothy sputumMost commoncause is L HF d/tthe back up ofblood to the lungs,which increasescapillaryhydrostaticpressure whichpushes the fluidout into thealveolar sacs;other causes=ARDS, inhalationof toxic gas, whichcauses capillaryinjury and leads tothe movement offluid into thealveolar sacs.Post-obstructive orre-expansionedema occurs afterrelieving anairwayobstruction.Inspiration againstan occludedairway createsexcessiveintrathoracicnegative pressurewhich leads toincreased venousreturn to the Rheart and adecreased outflowof blood from theL side. Thiscreates anincreased
pulmonary bloodvolume andpressure whichcauses thepulmonary edema.Differentiate between the etiology, clinical manifestations, and pathophysiology ofpneumothorax and pleural effusion:DiseaseEtiologyClinical ManifestationsPathophysiology

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Term
Fall
Professor
david,mary
Tags
pulmonary edema, pulmonary artery

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