Women without more negative feelings worried that

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women without (more negative feelings) - Worried that someone might see the recording of their discussion (YouTube) - If having trouble with one topic, the topic will be changed (happens less than 1% of the time) - Observational methods may have negative effects on the couples - Research has shown that couples participating in marriage studies may experience negative emotions as a result of participation - Ex. One study found that conflict discussion in couples with a history of violence led women to be more fearful - However, study of couples with history of intimate partner violence found that the vast majority of participants reported that their participation helped them individually and also helped their relationships - ◊Found that couples participating in observational studies of sexual communication more frequently report, compared to couples in other sexual communication studies, feeling worried that someone might see the recording - Occurred even when participants were given information about confidentiality and data storage procedures Patterns of Couples Communication - Distressed couple’s patterns Negative reciprocity letting negative exchange escalate - Demand-withdraw pattern “the endless chase” One person is after the other and the other is just trying to back out of it (nagging vs. disengaging) - These patterns usually result in eventual divorce/separation
Do Same-Sex Couples Have Different Patterns of Sexual Communication than Mixed-Sex? - No significant differences (Holmberg and Blair) - Important to understand the normal experiences of both types of couples so that heterosexual couples aren’t seen as the typical norm - Similarity findings of couples may help reduce the stereotypes How to Communicate Effectively with One’s Partner about Sexuality - Attitudes and beliefs are important (desire an open and frank dialogue) - Expectations How partner is likely to behave in the discussion Negative expectations can sabotage the attempt to communicate Behavioural conformation what they expect about an upcoming event influences their behaviour and causes the event to happen the way they expect Perceptual confirmation interpreting an event that is consistent with their expectations (research found that this occurs in intimate relationships) - Listening skills Effective listening with full presence - Speaking skills Softer start-up for sensitive and difficult topics helps put partners at ease Access ‘softer’ emotions (embarrassment, fear, anxiety) instead of ‘harder’ emotions Skills must be developed and improved throughout one’s life Understanding Sexual Consent - Sex without consent is considered sexual assault - Punishable under the Criminal Code of Canada - Public debate is continually redefining the meaning of sexual consent - Current model: ongoing, active process that guides partners towards mutually satisfying and ethical sexual encounters -

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