ECE _DSST _ Human Resource MGMT

Employees are not likely to be very loyal to a

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Employees are not likely to be very loyal to a company where lay-offs occur regularly or are handled badly. Some of the ways in which a firm can avoid lay-offs are by limiting overtime, retraining, not renewing part-time and contract workers, lowering the hours of the workweek, giving temporary leave, reducing executive pay and offering early retirement with preferential conditions. Early retirement is an excellent way of reducing the workforce. This employee would be relatively close to retirement and can be given financial inducements to leave early. The consequences of lay-offs include the loss of reputation in the labor market; severance payments to laid-off workers, litigation costs from disgruntled employees and when the economy picks up again there will be insufficient staff. As the economy grows again, there will not be enough staff members and so there will be additional re-hiring costs and possible loss of business when the company lacks employees to run the business efficiently. Training and Development Training and development can be described as the spectrum of activities promoted by an organization to advance the skills of the employees. Ongoing training and development will improve the skill base of employees. This is turn will make them more productive and effective workers thereby advancing organizational success. The aim of any training program is to equip the participants with new skills which they can then successfully utilize in the performance of their jobs . It is very important that the skills learned by trainees be successfully transferred or utilized by employees when performing their duties as there is no point in having these skills if they cannot be used when working Orientation refers to the organizational program that familiarizes new employees with their work environment, job functions and team units. The advantages of creating an orientation program are reduced employee turnover , raised productivity, heightened employee morale, lower recruiting and training costs as well as allaying the concerns of new employees. Employee turnover is reduced because employees will develop a sense of belonging and comfort from an orientation program and hence are more likely to stay with the company. An orientation program would normally include an introduction to other workers, expectations for dress, attendance and behavior, employment conditions such as pay and hours, breakdown of job functions and safety regulations. From an insurance and legal compliance perspective, it is critical that safety regulations be clearly explained to new staff members. Career planning is the process by which a person’s values, strengths, weaknesses, interests, abilities and goals are matched to their career path.
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