quality of life, women educated, family planning, women in workforce), Cultural lag = population boom: people naturally continued to have a lot of kids because of tradition, birth rates decreasing rapidly, death rates decreasing still but less rapidly, pop increasing less rapidly, much lower fertility rates (kids are too big of an investment/cost, expected to live), longevity increases. Examples: Early Stage 3: Africa, Asia, Middle East ; Late Stage 3: Argentina, Brazil, Turkey, South Africa, China (? Almost S4) Stage 4: Post Industrial (24:00) Almost nobody is farming (2% in America) or coal mining, declining people in industry, Lots of people working in the service sector: teacher, doctor, desk jobs; overwhelmingly urban living, very few in agricultural, highest levels of tech in everything, new tech inventions, birth and death rates are both very low, stable population (might be growing, mostly stable), very low fertility rates, longevity rates increasingly higher (medical treatment, nursing homes). Examples: US, UK, Europe, UAE, Singapore, AUS Stage 5? Possibly (27:30) Death rates can no longer be decreased any more, but the birth rate is getting lower (below the death rate) = population is shrinking , brand new on the world stage. Examples: Russia, Japan, Italy Sum Total Pop: Low in stage 1, grows in stages 2 and 3 Increase = Urbanization, Industrialization, Tech, Education, Healthcare, life expectancy Decrease = Infant Mortality and Fertility Rates
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- Fall '08