require intubation. It is vital that advanced practice nurses perform a thorough physical examination and identity risk factors such as smoking, and exposure to pet dander that may make children prone to this
disease. The knowledge of the risk factors for croup and its recurrence can help providers give better information to families of affected children and to predict possible recurrent episodes.References:Colds in children. (2005, October). Retrieved March 27, 2019, from Pediactric Child HealthHuether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.Pruikkonen, H., Dunder, T., Renko, M., Pokka, T., & Uhari, M. (2009). Risk factors for croup in children with recurrent respiratory infections: a case-control study. Paediatric And Perinatal Epidemiology, 23(2), 153–159. Rennie, D. C., Karunanayake, C. P., Chen, Y., Nakagawa, K., Pahwa, P., Senthilselvan, A., & Dosman, J. A. (2013). CD14 gene variants and their importance for childhood croup, atopy, and asthma. Disease Markers, 35(6), 765–771.