presenting behavioral issues or immediate functional needs through a problem solving and resource identification approach. Families help create an optimal home and social environment for the individual with mental illness, as a key aspect of recovery. SERVICES MAY INCLUDE Through relationship-building and alliance, education, collaboration, problem-solving, and an atmosphere of hope and partnership, family psychoeducation helps consumers and their families and supporters with: 53 Learning about the illness, warning signs, types of interventions, and possible outcomes Learning about family reactions, and feelings of loss and/or grief Learning useful coping skills and strategies to manage stress and ensure safety Identifying strategies for handling difficulties by making use of effective behavioral, cognitive, and communication techniques Creating an optimal environment for recovery Creating social and support groups and identifying resources available to the family Providing encouragement and focusing on the future Problem-solving sessions for coping with difficult presenting situations CONSUMERS Families of individuals (adults and children) with mental illness/emotional or behavioral disorders. Family is defined as those persons committed to the care and support of the person with mental illness, regardless of whether they are related or live in the same household. With the consumer's consent, families participate in the treatment team's decision-making processes about the individual's case, living situation, and recovery while being guided by the individual consumer's wishes and perspective. Consumers and families of consumers with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder bipolar illness, major depression, or borderline personality disorder benefit the most from family psychoeducation. 54 55 However, brief care 53 54 55 Page 64 of 215
consultations with family caregivers upon discharge or at other critical times in an episode of care are also effective. INTENSITY/DURATION OF SERVICE Time limited. Varies between one or more brief (one-hour) sessions to weekly sessions lasting between two to six months, or monthly sessions for up to two years for the most severe cases. TRAINING/CREDENTIALS REQUIRED TO PROVIDE Varies depending on intensity of service. Family psychoeducation is provided by professionals and is often curriculum-based. More severe cases might require a mental health professional, practitioner, or public health nurse competent in family psychoeducation. Treatment may be carried out in multi-family groups.
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- Fall '19
- mental health, Children’s Mental Health, Children’s Mental Health Partnership