Changed criteria for immigrating to canada later the

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Changed criteria for immigrating to Canada - Later, the point system was created Chapter 12: Politics: Power and Authority Micropolitics and Macropolitics Micropolitics: the exercise of power in everyday life Macropolitics: the exercise of large-scale power over a large group Politics: the institutionalized system by which a society distributes power, sets its agenda, & makes decisions o The government is the principal political system Also, the process by which individuals and groups act to promote their interests, often in conflict with others Power & Authority Government: the formal organization with legal and political authority to regulate and control the actions and relationships among individuals within a society and between societies o The system of politicians, laws, and public officials that define and control the country that you live in Definitions of the State Max Weber’s definition o The political entity that has the legitimate monopoly over the use of force or violence within a given territory o The state/government claims the exclusive right to use violence and the right to punish anyone else who does Karl Marx’s definition o A committee for managing the affairs of the bourgeoisie o Used by the elite to protect their interests and maintain their privileges and power Resistance and Revolution The Collapse of Authority o The more the state power is seen as legitimate the more stable a government is o State oppression sometimes leads to resistance
o More likely the citizen is to revolt Revolution : armed resistance with the intention to overthrow a government Weber on Main Sources of Power Three main sources of Power: o Power: the ability of persons/groups to carry out their will even when opposed by others i.e., the ability to carry out your will in spite of resistance Rough, crude power Illegitimate source of power o Authority: power that individuals accept as legitimate and just Legitimate domination Power is institutionalized, and morally and legally justified o Coercion: power that individuals are forced to accept We accept something because we feel that we have to Neither just nor legitimate Morally wrong Weber’s Sources/Types of Legitimate Authority Traditional authority is based on custom and traditions; legitimate authority (e.g., monarchs, emperors) Rational-legal authority (bureaucratic) power that is legitimized by the rule of low; is based on written rules and the rule of Law (e.g., elected officials) o Bureaucracies are made up of lots of rules and multiple levels of authority o Authority is given to the office rather than a person Charismatic authority is based on personal qualities ( e.g., cult leaders, Mother Theresa, MLK) o “Gift of grace” freely given o Often breaks the rules or changes the rules  use their legitimate power for social change o Often a tyrant or a hero The Transfer of Authority Societies need orderly transfer of authority from one leader to another to maintain social stability

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