A large number of cities become alarmed at the walls

Info icon This preview shows pages 9–12. Sign up to view the full content.

A large number of cities become alarmed at the walls b/c it seems like they are preparing for war 3. Peloponnesian league (Sparta) d. Social and Political Differences- (long term cause) i. Athens: democratic, urban, intellectually advanced ii. Sparta: oligarchic, agrarian, conservative, intellectually backwards (not interested in art or philosophy) e. Short term Cause- i. 433BC Corinth (allied w/ Sparta) and Corcyra (allies w/ Athens) ii. Sparta declares war on Athens 2. Phase 1- a. Stalemate b. Think of battle b/w elephant and whale i. Sparta—limited to sea power ii. Athens—limited to land power c. 430 BC—Epidemic of Typhus i. Death of Pericles—after his Death Athenians reject truce from Spartans twice ii. Cleon- replaced Pericles and was a manufacture of weapons d. 422 BC—Peace of Nicias—the war pauses w/ a tie 3. Melian Dialogue- account of what happened w/ Melos a. Melos- wants to leave the Delian League b. Example of Athenian weakness c. Justice d. “Might makes right”—it doesn’t matter that they want to leave b/c the Athenians have the power i. Power over morality 4. Phase 2- a. Spring of 415 BC b. Sicilian Expedition- invasion of Sicily c. Nicias- against invasion i. Reasons: ii. Fatal mistake—believed the enemy was Sparta not Seriques d. Alcibiades- pro invasion
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

i. Reasons: 1. Superior technology 2. Minimal resistance 3. Coalition of allies 4. Pay for itself ii. He was involved in a Scandal: breaks dicks off of God statues 5. Total Disaster- a. Few Athenians b. Enormously expensive c. Fought amongst themselves d. Alcibiades betrayed Athens by fleeing to Sparta so he can escape trial for statue incident e. Tremendous Resistance 6. Results and Significance- a. Spartans WON over Athens i. Delian League was disbanded ii. Athens had to: 1. Tear down the long walls 2. Surrender navy 3. Pay indemnity—had to pay for Sparta’s part of the war 4. Athenian democracy is abolished 5. Leaves Greeks exhausted and vulnerable to outside attack Alexander the Great 1. The Rise of Macedon a. Power vacuum b. 4 th century- political instability c. 338 Bc—unified Macedon i. 359 BC becomes King Philip of Macedon ii. Civil war iii. Reforms 1. Trade 2. Mines 3. *Professional army 2. Creation of Professional Army- a. Early armies were citizen volunteers—mostly farmers b. Philip begins to search out mercenaries to join army i. Specialist- 1. Skirmishers—distracters in war 2. Spies and counterspies 3. Calvary ii. Strictest discipline—phalanxes iii. August 2, 338 BC—Battle of Chaeronea—Greeks fight Macedonians 1. End of the polis/ city states
Image of page 10
3. Greek League- a. Unifies the Greeks b. Revenge against Persia i. Destruction of Athens c. Spring 336 BC—advance guard to Asia Minor d. Assassinated —was killed at daughter’s wedding 4. Alexander the Great- Philips’ son a. Born 356 BC b. Mother—Olympias i. Loved snakes c. Nectanebo —tutor of young Alexander i. Alexander is alleged to have pushed tutor into a pit in which tutor broke his neck d. Then tutored by Aristotle i. Alexander developed deep love for Greek Literature e. Clitus
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern