Nehru arrested 14 april gandhi arrested 4 may and in

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Nehru arrested 14 April, Gandhi arrested 4 May and in June the entire Congress leadership arrested -the INC seizes upon the symbolism of the tax (falls hard on the poor peasantry of India) is symbolizing the repressive nature of the British government -Gandhi’s genius is to a make a connection with the peoples of India (passing people through villages, communicating ideas effectively to the mass of people in the rural countryside) First Roundtable Conference on Reforms -London in November 1930 with all of the Indian notables represented, except the INC. (the most notable of the Indian nationalists) -you cant presume to work out a constitution for India going forward if the largest movement is in jail and not participating in the conference
Gandhi released from jail 25 January 1931* -the INC becomes a martyr and Gandhi is willing to accept this role PAKISTAN “land of the pure” -Muslim League Conference in 1930 Muhammed Iqbal demands a North West Indian Muslim state: Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan and NW Frontier (should be a discreet muslim state carved off from the rest of India) Irwin: Ghandi talks=Pact -5 March 1931 announced after face to face talks in Delhi at the Viceroy’s palace -End to civil disobedience campaign and boycott of British goods. -British recognize legitimacy of Svadeshi movement and Ghandi to attend the next Round Table Conference. He does so as the sole representative of the INC, a huge blunder. Winston Churchill Indian Independence: “Part of a process that would reduce us to the cale of a minor power.” Lord Willingdon (1931-1936) -Viceroy and Governor General of India -Former Governor of Bombay -Governor General of Canada -A liberal politician and “safe pair of hands” Second Round Table Conference -Sept 1931 in London -Gandhi the sole representative of the INC; claims to represent 85% of Indians and denigrates the legitimacy of everybody else -Jinnah, Iqbal, Aga Khan on behalf of the League are not impressed. Ambedkar furious. The Princes are not amused -Conference ends without consensus, INC threatens to resume campaign of civil disobedience against the Government INC Campaign of December 1931 -“no-rent” campaign in United Provinces, picketing of liquor shops, boycott of British goods etc, and Resolution to resume civil disobedience campaign Viceroy Willingdon responds with clampdown: Congress and all its branched declared illegal, all funds and property confiscated; all leaders jailed 34,000 arrested at height, 3,000 still in Jail July 1933 -“The speed and severity of the governments measures took nearly everyone by surprise and crushed the movement within the first 2 weeks of 1932.” Because of the INC’s rejection of cooperation and coalition with the other organizations, they are isolated and picked on by the British government
Poona Pact: Harijans -Sept 1932 Gandhi announces “fast unto death” to prevent separate electorates for untouchables (Gandhi renames them Harijans=children of god) -Ambedkar is blackmailed into agreeing to compromise, untouchables will have seats reserved

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