4. What role did the founders foresee for religion in American government and society? The founders including Thomas Jefferson wanted separation between church and state. They didn't want religious views getting in the way of the government. The first amendment guaranteed this and it allowed America religious freedom. 5. What was the impact of the American Revolution on Native Americans? 1760s, the colonists continued moving west effecting Indian tribes. With ownership of land as the primary objective, treaties and rights of Indians were not respected. Fighting between Indians and colonists continued until the 1790s.
Hoang 2 6. What were the most important features of the new state constitutions? Establishing the republican form of government, the separation of power and establishment of a government, equality among citizens, the need for religious freedom, the separation of church and state and the economic liberty. 7. How did popular views of property rights prevent slaves from enjoying all the freedoms of the social contract? Women and slaves were not truly independent. Their social contract laid out in the Declaration of Independence. The idea of the Declaration was that all white men enjoyed equality of rights. They could enter into a social contract with the government because they were free agents. Slaves were owned by other people and dependent upon the agents. Women were dependent on their husbands and children. Both were considered incompetent or incapable of independence. 8. How did revolutionary America see both improvements and limitations in women's roles and rights? At the time, the woman was socially subordinate to the man, particularly in a marriage. The revolution catapulted women on to the political scene. Abigail Adams, Deborah Sampson, Esther Reed, Sarah Franklin Bache all played key roles. They helped bring to light Gender and Politics and Republican Motherhood.
Hoang 3 Focus Questions & Class/Discussion Notes: ● How did equality become a stronger component of American freedom after the Revolution? American freedom was linked with equality. To John Adams, freedom and equality were opposites; so rather than equal conditions, there were equal opportunities. The requirements for voting decreased so the majority of the white male population could vote. The government was established as a democratic republic. ● How did the expansion of religious liberty after the Revolution reflect the new American ideal of freedom? The tradition of an anti-Catholicism America was deeply degraded by the War of Independence. Jefferson drafted up a Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom in 1779 that eliminated religious requirements for voting, stopped government funding of churches, and barred the state from "forcing" people to adopt a certain religion. ● How did the definition of economic freedom change after the Revolution, and who benefited from the changes?
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