The Fall of Troy Cabiria Pastrone used numerous cameras to film the same scene

The fall of troy cabiria pastrone used numerous

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The Fall of Troy & Cabiria Pastrone used numerous cameras to film the same scene from different angle instead of a single fixed camera Became the standard for film production worldwide Used a moving camera (dolly) for the first time o Italian filmmakers pioneered the use of the close up shot to highlight the beauty of their actors o 1911- Avant-garde movement o 1914- Their close-up shots used in dramas became used through Europe USA o Eadweard Muybridge 12
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First recorded instance of photographs capturing and reproducing motion was a series of photographs of a running horse Used a set of still cameras placed in a row Led inventors to attempt to make similar devices Kinetoscope o Kinetoscope - Motion-picture device in which the imaged were viewed through a peephole o Thomas Edison Black Maria- first motion picture studio o Kalem Company (1907) Founded by George Kleine Joined the Motion Pictures Patents Company (MPPC) that held a monopoly on production and distribution LESSER NATIONAL FILM INDUSTRIES PRE-WWI Great Britain o Louis Le Prince 1888- Shot the first moving picture Developed on celluloid film o Robert w. Paul & Birt Acres First people to build and run a working 35mm camera in Britain Clovelly Cottage o Warwick trading Company (1897) o Charles Urban Pioneer of the documentary, educational, propaganda, and scientific film Producer of the world’s first successful motion picture color system 1895- Exhibited the kinetoscope 1897- Became managing director of the Warwick Trading Company Firm run by American business who acted as agents, marketing films and projectors created by Thomas Edison Distributed films produced by the Lumière Brothers 1903- Formed Charles Urban Trading Company Unseen World- Launched the first scientific film as entertainment to a variety theatre audience Scandinavia o Denmark (370 films year in 1913) 1897- Peter Elfelt: first Dane to make a film & later produced around 100 documentary films on life in Denmark 1906- Ole Olsen: founded first Danish film-making company Nordisk Films Kompagni o Sweden 1907- Swedish Theater: Film company that introduced cinema newsreel in Swedish cinemas 13
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1911- Swedish film-making rose to international prominence when Swedish Theatre moved from Kristianstad to Lidingo POST-WWI Germany (some pre-war, most after WWI) o Max & Emil Skladanowsky 1895- demonstrated their bioscope A movie projector that had many problems, but lead to the more successful development of the cinematograph by the French Lumiere brothers o Oskar Messter & Max Gliewe 1896- Geneva Drive: first to use Allows the film to be advanced intermittently one frame at a time o 1910- Films began to be produced The Student of Prague (1913)- Edgar Allan Poe Cinematograph shifted from upper class to working, lower-middle class Kientopp- where films were viewed before WWI o Prior to 1914- many foreign silent films were important since there was no language barrier (Italian and Danish) o Outbreak of WWI (1914)
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