100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 12 - 15 out of 24 pages.
The Fall of Troy & CabiriaPastrone used numerous cameras to film the same scene from different angle instead of a single fixed camera Became the standard for film production worldwideUsed a moving camera (dolly) for the first time oItalian filmmakers pioneered the use of the close up shot to highlight the beauty oftheir actors o1911-Avant-garde movemento1914- Their close-up shots used in dramas became used through Europe USAoEadweard Muybridge 12
First recorded instance of photographs capturing and reproducing motion was a series of photographs of a running horse Used a set of still cameras placed in a row Led inventors to attempt to make similar devicesKinetoscopeoKinetoscope- Motion-picture device in which the imaged were viewed through a peepholeoThomas EdisonBlack Maria-first motion picture studio oKalem Company (1907)Founded by George Kleine Joined the Motion Pictures Patents Company (MPPC) that held a monopoly on production and distribution LESSER NATIONAL FILM INDUSTRIES PRE-WWIGreat Britain oLouis Le Prince 1888- Shot the first moving pictureDeveloped on celluloid filmoRobert w. Paul & Birt AcresFirst people to build and run a working 35mm camera in Britain Clovelly CottageoWarwick trading Company (1897)oCharles UrbanPioneer of the documentary, educational, propaganda, and scientific filmProducer of the world’s first successful motion picture color system 1895- Exhibited the kinetoscope1897-Became managing director of the Warwick Trading CompanyFirm run by American business who acted as agents, marketing films and projectors created by Thomas Edison Distributed films produced by the Lumière Brothers1903-Formed Charles Urban Trading Company Unseen World-Launched the first scientific film as entertainment to a variety theatre audienceScandinaviaoDenmark (370 films year in 1913)1897- Peter Elfelt:first Dane to make a film & later produced around 100documentary films on life in Denmark1906- Ole Olsen:founded first Danish film-making company Nordisk Films KompagnioSweden1907- Swedish Theater:Film company that introduced cinema newsreel in Swedish cinemas 13
1911-Swedish film-making rose to international prominence when Swedish Theatre moved from Kristianstad to Lidingo POST-WWIGermany (some pre-war, most after WWI)oMax & Emil Skladanowsky1895-demonstrated their bioscope A movie projector that had many problems, but lead to the more successful development of the cinematographby the French Lumiere brothersoOskar Messter & Max Gliewe1896- Geneva Drive: first to use Allows the film to be advanced intermittently one frame at a time o1910-Films began to be produced The Student of Prague (1913)- Edgar Allan Poe Cinematograph shifted from upper class to working, lower-middle classKientopp-where films were viewed before WWIoPrior to 1914-many foreign silent films were important since there was no language barrier (Italian and Danish) oOutbreak of WWI(1914)