Lead addresses the neglect of social goods in the

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lead addresses the neglect of social goods in the monetary approach and its narrow vision of human well being · HDI helps to rank countries but there are many problems with it · UNDP’s human poverty index · These calculators look at other aspects other than just the income of individuals · Social exclusion: addresses the deficiencies; social and political perspectives are central in the SE o Resident in society o Reasons beyond his control he cannot participate in normal activities o Would like to do so · Policies for eliminating discrimination and promoting affirmative action · Cultural complexity is involved in defining normal and desirable · Participatory assessment: PA seeks to remedy this by getting people to participate themselves in decisions about what it means to be poor. o Social mapping o Participatory diagramming o Modelling o Scoring o Public meetings that encourage active participation · Problems of the poor point towards social exclusion and political isolation · Being vulnerable to losing everything that one has · No unique or objective way to measure poverty · I/C suggests that the solution lies in increasing money income · CA emphasizes a wider range of mechanisms such as social provision of goods to improve health, nutrition and education · SE the relative element in poverty is at the forefront of this calculatoràdraws attention to the need to redistribute and structural policies aimed at overcoming racial and ethnic discrimination, class barriers, inequities based on gender, age and disabilities and restriction on full citizenship · The way poor people live often violate their human rights · Poverty reduction is more than charity it is a legal obligation · Macro level among income poverty reduction expansion of human functioning and economic growth Notes from Class Study questions
1. Is development about creating and deepening capitalism? 2. How can one measure development?
2. In what ways is the GNP helpful in measuring countries’ comparative development; do you think it gives an accurate picture of poverty and inequality? Does it paint a different picture than Hume’s portrayal of two individuals living in poverty, as discussed last week?

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