For example speeches encouraging audiences to vote for a candidate sign a

For example speeches encouraging audiences to vote

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• For example, speeches encouraging audiences to vote for a candidate, sign a petition opposing a tuition increase, or drink tap water instead of bottled water are all behavior- oriented persuasive speeches. 2. Be able to differentiate between questions of fact, value and policy Definitional Claims - Persuade that something is or is not. “I’m here to persuade you that this action is treasonous.” “I’m here to persuade you that therapeutic massage is not a form of prostitution.” Factual Claims - Persuade that something is true, or false/something happened or didn’t happen. “I’m here to persuade you that Barack Obama is the first African American President.” “I’m here to persuade you that God exists.” Value Claims - Persuade that something is good/bad, moral/immoral, fair/unfair. “Dating people on the Internet is an immoral form of dating.” Policy Claims – most common type of persuasive speech. Statement about a problem and a solution that needs to be implemented. 3. What are the two different types of policy claims? The two different types of policy claims are as follows: To Gain passive agreement – “The U.S. should stop capital punishment.” “Human cloning for organ donations should be legal.” “Requiring American citizens to “show their papers” is a violation of democracy and resembles tactics of Nazi Germany and communist Russia.” To Gain immediate action “College students should eat more fruit, so I am encouraging everyone to eat the apple I have provided you and start getting more fruit in your diet.” “Teaching a child to read is one way to ensure that the next generation will be stronger than those that have come before us, so please sign up right now to volunteer one hour a week to help teach a child to read.”
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COMM 1110 Fall 2019 4. What are different ways of organizing persuasive speeches? Problem-Cause-Solution - discuss what a problem is, what is causing the problem, and then what the solution should be to correct the problem. Comparative Advantages - compare items side-by-side and show why one of them is more advantageous than the other. Monroe’s Motivated Sequence 5. How does Monroe’s Motivated Sequence work? What are the steps? Monroe’s Motivated Sequence- 1) Attention 2) Need- Describing the Problem, convincing the audience that it impacts them 3) Satisfaction- Satisfying the Need, Presenting the Solution 4) Visualization- Visualizing the Results and Benefits to the audience 5) Action- Requesting Audience Action or Approval/Agreement 6. Why is evidence critical for persuasive speaking? -Proves/disproves something -Carries on a mental dialogue with listeners by imagining what they might be thinking, anticipates their questions and objections, and gives evidence to answer the questions/resolves the objections 7. Be familiar with ethos, pathos and logos and how they operate in persuasive appeals - Aristotle’s Modes of Persuasion Ethos – appeal to credibility, reputation, competence, common ground Pathos
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  • Spring '12
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