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Resources to conduct this work 2 bittner 1967 and

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resources to conduct this work ([2] Bittner, 1967) and that they are interested in learning more about effectively responding to persons with mental illnesses ([29] Vermette et al. , 2005). Simultaneously, modern police have also resisted this encroachment of "social work" onto their traditional mission. Accordingly, it is unclear how rank and file officers might feel about innovations that are less traditional and stray from the crime fighter ideal even when PDF GENERATED BY SEARCH.PROQUEST.COM Page 1 of 16
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new the programs and policies address existing responsibilities. The current study advances the literature by examining officer perceptions of one innovation that has a social service orientation: the crisis intervention team (CIT). CIT is a police based response designed to increase safety in mental health crisis calls and decrease criminal justice involvement for PWMIs ([11] Dupont and Cochran, 2000). While CIT is believed to reduce officer workload by decreasing long-term contact with PWMIs, it also has social service undertones. CIT involves officers being trained to recognize mental illness, de-escalate crisis situations and connect PWMIs to services when appropriate ([10] Council of State Governments, 2002). In short, CIT represents a departure from the traditional law enforcement role largely adopted by police personnel. CIT is also designed to increase safety and efficiency in connecting individuals to mental health services and reduce repeated contacts with persons with mental illnesses ([10] Council for State Governments, 2002). Though not empirically tested to date, this should reduce officer workload. Given both a potential workload benefit and an increased social service function, it is unclear how rank and file officers will feel about this innovation. This investigation attempts to better understand officers' feelings about CIT. In the sections that follow, we will review relevant literature and develop a model of police officer perceptions of CIT. Next, we use data from four districts in the city of Chicago to test the model. Finally, officer perceptions of CIT are discussed. Police objectives and CITs Police and media have embraced the crime fighter image in a way that frames the police as primarily law enforcers busy with addressing serious crime. This image has also meant that police work has been measured as effective when crime rates are low, response times are fast and clearance rates are high. As a result, police officers and executives are most open to innovations that may improve that bottom line. COMPSTAT and other crime analysis innovations promote these traditional activities and enhance police ability to fight crime. Not surprisingly, police rank and file have embraced these innovations ([16] Manning, 2011). Officers, however, have been skeptical of innovations that may challenge the crime fighter image, and by extension, the prominence of law enforcement ([24] Skogan, 2008). For example, community policing was met with much hostility by police officers across the country ([14] Lurigio and Skogan, 1994). Community policing was designed to include citizens as co-producers of public safety through partnerships and problem solving. It
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