There are rewards and penalties for success or

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Management
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Chapter 10 / Exercise step4
Management
Daft
Expert Verified
- There are rewards and penalties for success or failure. - There is strict control and no respect is shown by the leader to the subordinates. - Descent is not tolerated. b) Paternalistic leadership style- There is presence of close supervision, detailed instructions and a highly structured leader / subordinate relationship. - A leader attempts to gain respect and allegiance of the workers. - Limited decent is tolerated and rewards are given to those who follow the instructions. Advantages of Autocracyi) Managers adequately coordinate work thereby facility its completion. ii). Decision making is faster. iii). It assists the subordinates to achieve their goals at work. Demerits of Autocracyi). Employee’skills and knowledge is not fully utilized. ii). It suppresses the workers’ initiativeand therefore they cannot develop to their full potential. iii). Workers may not be capable of working without close supervision. iv). Resentment by subordinates may occur if they are only involved in minor issues and excluded from major ones.
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Management
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Chapter 10 / Exercise step4
Management
Daft
Expert Verified
118 4. FREE REIGN (Laissez-faire)- A leader allows workers to work as they choose with minimum interference. - Employees make decision and structure their own activities. - They consult with the leader but s/he is not directly involved in decision making. - A leader tells them what to do and when it should be accomplished and the workers decide on how to accomplish it as they wish. Communication flows horizontally among the group members Revision questionsi. What are the advantages of democratic style of leadershipii. Describe the attributes of a leaderiii. Name and explain any THREE theories of leadershipiv. Discuss the sentence that leaders are BORN and NOT MADEFurther Readingi. Fred E. Fielder,”ATheory of Leadership effectiveness”,New York; McGraw Hill Book Company ii. John B. Miner,”Theoriesof Organisational structure and Process”, Hinsdale;The Dryden Press
119 TOPIC EIGHT8.0 GROUP FORMATIONBy the end of the topic you should be able:a) Identify the various types of groups b) State reasons for group formationc) Discuss the stages for group developmentd) List the advantages of group cohesivenessAn organization can be described as a group of people working toward common goals. Within any organization there are two groups, formal groups and informal groups. Formal groups are official and created by management e.g. divisions, departments, units, work teams and committees.Informal groups arise from member interactions e.g. people having tea together meet to share ideas. Why People FormGroups (a) Natural attractionspeople have inborn tendencies to form into groups, to work and live together. (b) Survivalpeople gather together to survive being alone for long periods of time can affect our emotional health badly e.g. what happens to people put under solitary confinement.

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