The economy was also heavily gendered. It was women who tended to the village and to the crops. Men hunted, gathered, and fished. Land was communally owned but distributed to specific clans by women. Because of their reliance on agriculture, the Haudenosaunee were sedentary.
Trade Done on a gift-giving basis Excess corn or tobacco was traded with groups further north or west, like the Huron or Anishinaabeg. Most frequently, the Haudenosaunee acquired pelts, which they used either to create clothes or to later trade with the French or English. Through this process, they gained guns, metal weaponry, and alcohol, as well as a measure of political power. Within Haudenosaunee communities, relationships of reciprocity were maintained. This practiced smoothed over conflicts or rivalries, joined villages and clans together, and helped with social order.
4. Government The Haudenosaunee followed a specific code of laws, called the Great Law of Peace . The Longhouse represents all Six Nations While the Haudenosaunee presented themselves as a patriarchy since the chiefs were male, it was actually the clan mothers that held practical power.
Government 2 The Great Law of Peace established a constitutional democracy among the Haudenosaunee. It also established the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, a flexible alliance between the Five and later Six Nations. Oral history dates this to ~ 1176. The GLOP formed three levels of government: 1) village council fires; 2) national council fires; and 3) the Grand Council of Chiefs. Within each, all decisions were made by consensus
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- Spring '11