An example of this experiment was with the supreme

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An example of this experiment was with The Supreme Court, when they themselves, applied the Lemon test in the Santa Fe Independent School Dist. v. Doe in the year 2000. 4. Identify and discuss “black codes,” being sure to identify the long-term significance of the legislative response to them. There was a legislation that fought against the black codes, which were laws practiced by the former slave states to limit the freedom of African Americans. An example of the black codes was that vagrancy and apprenticeship laws forced blacks to work and denied them a free choice of employers. However, in the years after the Civil War, Congress went to work to protect the rights of black citizens. In 1866, lawmakers passed a civil rights act that gave the national government some authority over the treatment of blacks by state courts. In fact, a section of the 1866 act that still applies today that grants all citizens the right to make and enforce contracts; the right to sue others in court; the duty and ability to give evidence in court; and the right to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, or convey property. 5. Discuss some of the nonviolent methods used during the Civil Rights Movement to achieve the goal of equality for minority citizens. An extremely effective way of nonviolence was civil disobedience, which is the willful but nonviolent breach of unjust laws. One instance was the sit-in, on February 1 st of 1960, when four African American college students sat down at a whites-only lunch counter. Ironically, even the black waitresses denied these students service. As a result, these young men protested in that they demanded to be treated equally. They sat at the diner all day, peacefully protesting, and soon after, other students began joining the cause. Eventually the students were arrested, but there were more reports of similar peaceful protests occurring soon after this one. 6. What were the major provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964? The major provisions of the Civil Rights Act were as follows: -Everybody is entitled to “the full and equal enjoyment” of goods, services, and privileges in places of public accommodation, without discrimination on the grounds of race, color, religion, or national origin.
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