This frequency table is shown in Table 2–1. The number of observations in eachclass is called the class frequency.So the class frequency for domestic vehiclessold is 50.FREQUENCY TABLEA grouping of qualitative data into mutually exclusive classes showing the number of observations in each class.TABLE 2–1Frequency Table for Vehicles Sold at Whitner Autoplex Last MonthCar TypeNumber of CarsDomestic50Foreign30Relative Class Frequencies

Graphic Presentation of Qualitative Data
The most common device to present a qualitative variable in graphic form is a
bar
chart.
In most cases the horizontal axis shows the variable of interest and the verti-
cal axis the amount, number, or fraction of each of the possible outcomes. A distin-
guishing characteristic of a bar chart is the distance or gap between the bars. That
is, because the variable of interest is qualitative, the bars are not adjacent to each
other. Thus, a bar chart graphically describes a frequency table using a series of uni-
formly wide rectangles, where the height of each rectangle is the class frequency.
Describing Data: Frequency Tables, Frequency Distributions, and Graphic Presentation
23
BAR CHART
A graph in which the classes are reported on the horizontal axis
and the class frequencies on the vertical axis. The class frequencies are
proportional to the heights of the bars.
Foreign
C
ar Type
(Variable of intere
s
t)
Number
S
old
(
C
la
ss
frequency)
Dome
s
tic
0
10
20
30
40
50
6
0
CHART 2–1
Vehicle Sold by Type Last Month at Whitner Autoplex
TABLE 2–2
Relative Frequency Table of Vehicles Sold by Type at Whitner Autoplex Last Month
Vehicle Type
Number Sold
Relative Frequency
Domestic
50
0.625
Foreign
30
0.375
Total
80
1.000
We use the Whitner Autoplex data as an example (Chart 2–1). The variable of inter-
est is the vehicle type and the number of each type sold is the class frequency. We
scale the vehicle type (domestic or foreign) on the horizontal axis and the number
of each item on the vertical axis. The height of the bars, or rectangles, corresponds
to the number of vehicles of each type sold. So for the number of foreign vehicles
sold the height of the bar is 30. The order of foreign or domestic on the
X-
axis does
not matter because the values of car type are qualitative.

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- Frequency, The American, The Federalist Papers, Frequency distribution, Histogram, Summary statistics, Whitner Autoplex