The Third Stage commitment to Action How to accomplish goals that have emerged

The third stage commitment to action how to

This preview shows page 289 - 292 out of 404 pages.

The Third Stage: commitment to Action: How to accomplish goals that have emerged in the previous two stages. Client relates his behaviour to accomplish goals. This stage includes identifying possible alternative courses of actions (decisions) the client might choose. Once an action decision is made the client tries some new behaviors. The counsellor supports and reinforces the trying of new behaviors. 7A.6.2 THE SKILLS OF COUNSELLING: Listening - It is the process of hearing the other person. a) During listening it is important to show that the counsellor is listening through the ‗minimal prompts‘ such as head nods, yes, no etc. They indicate that ‗I am with you‘. Overuse of these should be avoided. b) Behavioural aspects of listening - (SOLER) S - Sit squarely O - Openness L - Leaning E - Eye contact R - Relax Aspects of Listening Linguistic aspects - words, phrases, figures of speech
Image of page 289
290 Paralinguistic aspects - timing, volume, tone pitch, ‗ums‘ and ‗errs‘, fluency Non-Verbal aspects: facial expression, gestures, touch, body position, and proximity to the counsellor, body movement and eye contact. Attending and showing receptiveness It is the act of truly focusing on the other person. It involves consciously making ourselves aware of what the other person is saying and of what they are trying to communicate to us. Observing Body Messages Non-verbal aspects of communication refer to body language. The way the client expresses through the use of their body. They offer clues about the client‘s internal status beyond the words. Morris calls it ‗Man Watching‘. Body language depe nds on context in which it occurs, the nature of the relationship, individual‘s personal style, personality of the person. Therefore avoid assuming what person is saying with their body languages. Listening Blocks Attraction: Attention is focused on what you are feeling rather than what client is saying. Physical condition: Sick/tired, without realizing it you tune out certain things client is saying. Concerns: Preoccupied with you own concerns. Over-eagerness: Listen to only a part and respond. Similarity of Problems: Same as your own problem. Your mind wanders. Differences: Different experiences of yours and client. Distracting. Effective Listening: Attention focuses outward Suspension of judgment Attention to the behavioral aspects (SOLER) Avoidance of interpretation Development of free-floating attention Communicating:
Image of page 290
291 It is the exchange of ideas and opinions between two or more people through speech, writing or signs. The communication included physical setting as well as psychological predispositions of the receiver. Communication = thoughts and feelings Factors Involved in the communication Purpose: Specific Distribution: Environment Timing Feedback Follow-up Causes of Communication Breakdown Lack of consideration of the other person‘s feeling s and personality Use of technical language Not thinking about other, how they get affected (networking missing) Lose human factor (envy, jealousy) Clarification: To get definite information through this to help clarify
Image of page 291
Image of page 292

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 404 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Vocational education, Further Education, Vocational guidance, Group Guidance

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes