Integration this term means that disabled people can

This preview shows page 188 - 191 out of 269 pages.

Integration This term means that disabled people can access mainstream services, but these do not adjust or restructure to remove barriers. All forms of integration assume some form of assimilation of the disabled person into mainstream structures, which remain largely unchanged. L Learning difficulty This is the term chosen by people with learning difficulties to describe their impairment because they 188
Image of page 188
believe their situation can change through access to education. They reject the term mental handicap as it has come to represent their segregation. Learning difficulty covers a wide range of intellectual impairment. Generally, someone is considered to have a learning difficulty when they function at a level of intellectual ability which is significantly lower than their chronological age. Increased difficulties in acquiring basic life skills, and increased dependence on others are common. Specialist educational input is usually required, but this is frequently possible within mainstream school settings. Mild learning difficulty is usually caused by a combination of restricted learning and social opportunities plus a high rate of learning disability in close relatives. Moderate-to- profound learning difficulty usually has a specific biological cause. However, there are exceptions in either case. Learning difficulty may occur in isolation, in association with other sensory or physical impairments, or as part of a recognisable genetic syndrome. Lip-reading Understanding a spoken language by following the lip patterns of the speaker. Less than half the speech sounds of English are shown on the lips and lip reading is a skill not everyone M-O Medical model In this model, disabled people are seen as a problem to be cured or 'fixed' by therapy, medicine, surgery and special treatments. It becomes a personal tragedy when this can't happen. Powerful and pervasive views reflecting this model are reinforced in the media, books, films, art and language. Mental health Mental health and mental health problems are not exact terms, but their components can broadly be said to include: the ability to develop socially, emotionally and intellectually; the ability to initiate and sustain mutually satisfying relationships; the ability to empathise with others; and the ability to learn from periods of emotional difficulty and distress, and to develop because of them. Defined in this way, mental health, unlike physical health, is something of an ideal state. Mental health problems are difficulties which arise in these areas, and are likely to have their roots in constitutional, environmental or social factors, or a combination of these. Such problems cover a wide spectrum of emotional and behavioural difficulties, which vary significantly in 189
Image of page 189
their severity and duration. At one end of the spectrum, mental health problems in children may be relieved by the love and support of families and other carers, without intervention from a mental health professional. At the other end of the spectrum,
Image of page 190

Want to read all 269 pages?

Image of page 191

Want to read all 269 pages?

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 269 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Dr.Martin

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern