Trait theory is research the qualities that a leader should have. It is a complicated study that required people must have to consider many aspects which are physical attributes, such as energy, height, appearance; social background, such as social economic status and education; intelligence, such as judgment, decisive force and the depth and breadth of the knowledge; personality, such as flexibility, aggressive, self-confidence, clever, integrity and emotional stability; focus on tasks, such as responsibility, perseverance, working initiative and pay attention to the achievement; social participation, such as communication, friends, participate in various activities and cooperate with the person. In brief, trait theory of leadership is aim at both inherit and training. Behavior theory is research how does it can help people recognize whether their leader styles are efficiency or not. One of the best studies is leadership grid of Blake and Mouton who publish a framework to dimension different styles about concern between people and production. It is displaced people five basic characteristic styles by 1 to 9 notional scales. By studying the five Leadership Grid styles, it can be find that country club management (1, 9) is focusing on positive, satisfying relationship and comfortable aspects of work; Authority- compliance management (9, 1) require operational efficiency comes from production and enforce rules so that ignore human factors; Impoverished management (1, 1) uses a minimum effort and take a passive situation to get work done; middle-of-the-road management (5, 5) acquire balancing both production and people, but may take unnecessary risk; team management (9, 9) is similar with middle-of-the-road management, but more efficiency than it. According to compare these two theories that they have many difference. Nevertheless, they cannot divide to research. For example, there have a person who named Barack Hussein Obama II, the president of the United Stated. He is considered a good leader by people, because they think him that has some personality traits, such as smart, clear expression ability and attractive, and the important thing is he has political talent. However, exclude these traits, his rich experience and receive good education also training him become a president. His smart help him find his leadership style quickly and govern the country efficiency.
Assignment Organizational Behavior and Human Resources Management • Contingency theory and Transformational leadership These two theories both concentrate on researching factors of relative environment, which may influence the efficiency of leadership. They base on other two theories to extend the research of leadership. Therefore, they are more objective and profound than trait and behavior theory. In brief, the core of these theories is research the influence situations between leadership and environment. Contingency theory is research the factors of different situation have some sort of leadership style is most effective. There have three types of contingency theory, which are Fiedler, Vroom and Yetton, and Path- goal theory. Fiedler’s contingency theory, the key element of influence the leadership is the situations, which include the relationship, task structure and position power between leader and subordinates. Vroom and Yetton contingency theory is thinking the
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- Summer '18