monocropping specific area cash crop only produced monopoly eg tobacco sugar

Monocropping specific area cash crop only produced

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monocropping (specific area, cash crop only produced) monopoly (e.g. tobacco, sugar) experts in agriculture & economy Real Compania de Filipinas (like BEIC & DEIC)
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establish direct connection between Philippines & Spain; ended galleon trade so not much significance anymore = don’t need Mexico; world politics changed; can sail westward (India, South Africa) French Revolution water sheds of world history bankrupt; supported US vs. British (American revolution) massive famine —> Bread Riots in Paris (cannot eat anything) = let them eat cake “Marie Antoinette” due to aristocracy having parties tipping point: storming of the Bastille [1789] (represented prison where political enemies of French monarchy aristocracy aka symbol of French authoritarianism; symbolize people can actually topple/defeat monarchy —> massive execution of aristocracy aka Reign of Terror —> invent guillotine to make efficient killings) Ancient Regime in France rights w/ supreme authority: ; peasants w/ no rights English parliamentary representation of ordinary people (House of Commons); remove social structure of aristocracy & clergy; equal citizens; you can jump ranks - e.g. Napoleon of Arc equality, fraternity, liberty aristocracy served as generals before Philippines first to have railways vs. Japan by Spaniards during Industrial Revolution (1815) end of Galleon Trade; thus make the best of situation for foreign merchant vessels (Americans, British, French) (1834) Bohol?? (<36:11) Mexico declared independence from Spain Reliance in Agricultural production implemented monopoly, coffee, sugar, tobacco, abaca did not produce needs for colony much export-oriented agri. economy Haciendas (land) religious orders private individuals given mortgage; w/ means of production; “hacienderos” casamahanes profit-sharing scheme
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haciendero (Spanish; 1/2 of profit from hacienda) 1/4 = inquilino (principalia/mestizo); 1/4 = kasamahanes (indio; pay for equipment & labor; not actually enough to pay debt = utang next agricultural season; 50 pesos a day) influx of foreigners many foreign merchant houses = fund capital (e.g. Bonifacio worked) —> mestizo class (before 19th century = intermarriage; but significant by 19th century = inquilinos = part of Class Media = where ilustrados come from) Clase Media new rich; discrimination very strong racial attitudes of Spanish to inquilinos; then called bestias cargadas de oro (beasts carrying gold) attempted to copy lifestyle of Spaniards 1st floor = storage space of inani; top floor = business area / wood status symbol: furniture = made of narra w/ no putol in the middle(especially 1990s) 04/25/’19 19th Century: Development of Philippine Nationalism Tracing the roots of Philippine Nationalism I. Economic Developments Growth of export economy Cash crops = primary export (e.g. tobacco, sugar, abaca, cotton) Who benefitted Control of land and capital (mestizo class, colonial gov’t., ?? <03:48) Spanish policies: Monopoly (colonial gov’t. Controlled to maximize profit) &
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