Crusades had a significant impact on Europe a conquest of Spain Sicily Baltic

Crusades had a significant impact on europe a

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 14 pages.

Crusades had a significant impact on Europea.conquest of Spain, Sicily, Baltic regionCrusaders weakened Byzantiumb.popes strengthened their position for a timec.tens of thousands of Europeansmade contact with the Islamic worldd.Europeans developed taste for luxury goods of the Easte.Muslim scholarship and Greek learning flowed into Europef.hardened cultural barriers between peoplesV.The West in Comparative PerspectiveA.Catching Up1.the hybrid civilization of Western Europe was less developed than Byzantium,China, India, or the Islamic worlda.Muslims regarded Europeans as barbariansb.Europeans recognized their own backwardness2.Europeans were happy to exchange with/borrow from more advanced civilizations to the easta.European economies reconnected with the Eurasian trading systemb.Europeans welcomed scientific, philosophical, and mathematicalconcepts from Arabs, classical Greeks, and Indiac.the most significant borrowing was from China3.Europe was a developing civilization like others of the era4.by 1500, Europe had caught up with China and the Islamic world; surpassed them in some areas5.500–1300 was a period of great innovation
CHAPTER 10 • THE WORLDS OF CHRISTENDOM: CONTRACTION, EXPANSION, AND DIVISIONPAGE219warfare, with further developmentB.Pluralism in Politics1.Europe crystallized into a system of competing states2.political pluralism shaped Western European civilizationa.led to frequent wars and militarizationb.stimulated technological development3.states still were able to communicate economically and intellectually4.rulers were generally weaker than those to the easta.royal-noble-ecclesiastical power struggle allowed urban merchants to win great independenceb.perhaps paved the way for capitalismc.development of representative institutions (parliaments)C.Reason and Faith1.distinctive intellectual tension between faith and reason developed2.intellectual life flourished in the centuries after 1000a.creation of universities from earlier cathedral schoolsb.scholars had some intellectual freedom at universities3.in the universities, some scholars began to emphasize the ability of human reason to understand divine mysteriesa.also applied reason to law, medicine, and world of natureb.development of “natural philosophy” (scientific study of nature)4.search for classical Greek texts (especially Aristotle)a.were found in Byzantium and the Islamic worldb.twelfth–thirteenth centuries: access to ancient Greek and Arab scholarship5.deep impact of Aristotlea.his writings were the basis of university educationb.dominated Western European thought between 1200 and 17006.no similar development occurredin the Byzantine Empirea.focus of education was the humanitiesb.suspicion of classical Greek thought

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture