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The main strength of the Health Belief Model is that it is easy to implement, apply and test because of the use of its simplified health related build. The benefit of this model is that it helps public health officials remember that people's health choices are based not only on rational thought but also on emotions, habits, social adapting and personal preference. Research has shown that there is inconsistent condom use among the youth, therefore having higher reports of STDs in this population. The HBM is a great model that can be used to assist health officials guide youth individuals to assess their risk and make smart choices by incorporating condoms use in their sexual relationships. “The HBM has provided a useful theoretical framework for investigating the cognitive determinants of a wide range of behaviors for over three decades. Again, it has focused researchers’ and health care professionals’ attention on variables that are 3
RUNNING HEAD: SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES prerequisites for health behavior.” (Orji, 2012) The Health Belief Model is a model that can either be used on its own or it can be used with other models to ensure success within a program.There are several weaknesses or limitations of the Health Belief Model which limit its usage within public health. Some limitations of the model are it does not account for a person's attitude, beliefs, or other individual determinants that may control a person's acceptance of a health behavior. It does not account for behaviors that are routine or behaviors that are performed for non-health related reasons. The model also does not account for environmental or economic factors that may prohibit or promote recommended action and it assumes that everyone has access to equal amounts of information on the illness or disease. “The HBM is more descriptive than explanatory, and does not suggest a strategy for changing health-related actions. In preventive health behaviors, early studies showed that perceived susceptibility,