Colony and former Boer republics became Britain’s. 19. Wahhabi movement– Reform movement where the schools of theology & law in the Ottoman empire was rejected. The Arabians wanted to recapture the purity & simplicity of Muhammad’s original teachings. 20. Mughal empire – empire over parts of Indian subcontinent, ruled by a dynasty of Chaghtai-Turkic origin21. Meiji Restoration– 1868-1912, Meiji = enlightened rule. Japan goes through western modernization, emperor issues Meiji Constitution. Adapts German model of gov. 22. East India Company– Company made in the 1600 by British gov in order to trade with India and the East Indies23. Scramble for Africa– bunch of European powers competing against each other for colonies in Africa to bolster national image, economic growth & influence24. Armenian genocide– Ottoman gov’s extermination of Armenians (Christian ppl concentrated in eastern mountains of empire). Muslim Turks distrusted Armenians and accused them of supporting Russian plans against Ottoman empire.25. zaibatsu – powerful banking & industrial families in Japan since late 1800s26. Maori– aboriginal people (people who originally existed before arrival of settlers) ofNew Zealand 27. Aborigines– aboriginal people of Australia28. caudillo– military dictator in Latin America
29. peonage- system by which workers owe labor to pay their debts30. LaReforma– period halfway thru the 19thcentury Mexico characterized by liberal reforms designed to modernize Mexico31. MonroeDoctrine– American foreign policy opposing interference in western hemisphere from outside powers32. RooseveltCorollary– corollary given by former President Roosevelt to support the Monroe doctrineImportant Names1. David Livingstone – 1860s European explorer. Scottish missionary. Went to Africa (1840). ‘Discovers’ Victoria Falls (in 1855). Back in England (1857). Returns to Africa (1858).2. King Leopold II – king of Beligum. Ruler of the Congos in Africa3. Henry Morton Stanley – 1869 European explorer. Welsh journalist. Sets out to find Livingstone. 1871. Finds Livingstone in Tanzania and greets him with famouns line “Dr.
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