Changes in other parts of culture example computers

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CHANGES IN OTHER PARTS OF CULTURE EXAMPLE: COMPUTERS AND CHANGES IN OUR LANGUAGE CULTURE LAG NONMATERIAL CULTURE NORMALLY “LAGS” BEHIND MATERIAL CULTURE WHICH OFTEN SPEEDS AHEAD AT ALARMING RATES EXAMPLE: MEDICAL PROCEDURES AND ETHICS Cultural Adjustment Acculturation when there is a lot of contact and one culture becomes “used to” the other. Accommodation when the larger culture allows the smaller culture to retain its own identity. Assimilation when the smaller culture is absorbed into the larger culture losing its own identity. CULTURAL UNIVERSALS TRAITS COMMON TO EVERY KNOWN CULTURE THE FAMILY ASSIGNMENT OF SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR YOUNG AND THE CONTROL OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION FUNERAL RITES COMMUNITY BONDING WITH CLOSURE, COMFORT, AND CONTINUITY FOR THE LIVING
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SMILING AND HUMOR OUTWARD SIGNS OF FRIENDSHIP AND SAFETY VALVE FOR SOCIAL TENSIONS DEVIANCE A CONSTANT REMINDER OF THE BEHAVIORAL LIMITS FOUND IN A GIVEN SOCIETY WITH RESPECT TO INDIVIDUALITY AND NONCOMFORMITY Socialization The Process of Becoming Human Nature Heredity—biological Nurture Environmental—sociological Sociobiology Socialization is a Process Life long process of social experiences, leading to: Personality development The fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting Émile Durkheim on Socialization society “is able to exist only because it gets inside the human being, shaping our inner life, creating our conscience, our ideas, our values. Society’s rules become our own; its ways become ours” (Charon 1999:26). Functions of Socialization Personality development Self—one’s sense of identity and awareness of self, awareness of being human a social product Self-concept—how you view yourself Charles Horton Cooley: the Looking-glass Self Our self is our interpretation of how others see us We are socially created by our interactions with others Self comes about as a result of the way he/she perceives the responses of others towards him/her “the process in which individuals use others like mirrors and base their conceptions of themselves on what is reflected back to them during social interaction” (Thompson and Hickey 2002:86).
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Norman Rockwell, a famous illustrator of magazine covers, is shown here in a triple self-portrait. His painting suggests the metaphor of the looking glass self; his percept of how he appears to others shows an imagine decidedly younger and more handsome that the actual reflection in the mirror Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development in Social learning Sensory Motor Period (Approximate ages 0-2) – reflex activity leading to understanding of intentional responses, object permanence.
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