rocks, and as a result, British Captain Thomas Preston, of the 29thRegiment of the Foot, allegedly ordered his soldiers to fire upon an unarmed crowd. Three colonists were immediately killed, two more were severely wounded and died soon after, and six additional colonists were wounded. Shortly thereafter, On March 12, 1770 an article in the Boston Gazettewas published depicting the events of the Boston Massacre through a Bostonian prospective. Then, on June 25,
21770, Captain Thomas Preston gave a statement to the authorities of the events leading up to the shootings, and of his involvement. The similarities between the statement given by Captain Preston and the article written in the Boston Gazette, are consistent to a squabble between the soldiers and the Townsmen. They both agree that the Townsmen were carrying sticks and throwing snowballs and the soldiers werecarrying their firearms and bayonets. The conflict, however, lies upon the question, “Why were shots fired?” Captain Preston stated that his men fired because they only thought it was him who called it, when, according to Captain Preston, it was many of the Townsmen themselves who were taunting the soldiers to “fire”. The other document by the Boston Gazettestates that Captain Preston made the call to fire upon the crowd and quoting Captain Preston as saying, “damn you, fire, be the consequence what it will!” (Boston Gazette and Country Journal, 1770) Captain Preston stated that when he was asked, from a bystander, if he was going to make the call to fire, “I answered no, by no means; observing to them that I was advanced before the muzzles of the men’s pieces, and must fall a sacrifice if they fired; that the soldiers were upon the half-cock and charged bayonets, and my giving the word fire under those circumstances would prove me no officer.” (Preston, Supplement of the Boston Evening-Post, 1770)The authors of each of these two documented accounts pale in comparison as to why the British fired shots that night.