64 these include adherence to and implementation of

Info icon This preview shows pages 33–35. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
64 These include adherence to and implementation of the 1999 United Nations International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, as well as implementation of relevant U.N. resolutions. In general, these eight special recommendations do not substantially add to the FATF Forty Recommendations. Finally, a group of countries has been designated as “non-cooperative.” The following list of non-cooperative countries and territories is current as of 24 March 2004: 65 Cook Islands Guatemala Indonesia Myanmar Nauru Nigeria Philippines Countermeasures may be applied against these designated countries. These countermeasures could include conditioning or restricting financial transactions with persons from these countries. 66 d. Data Packets and Shipping Containers: The Maritime Security Model Another type of analogy, involving slow transport instead of near instantaneous communications, but otherwise exhibiting some significant parallels, is protection against marine cargo that may be used as terrorist weapons. Thus, marine cargo could contain nuclear, biological, chemical, terrorists, or other dangerous cargo or weapons. 67 The analogy here is that dangerous things can travel either by sea or by electronic impulse. Furthermore, marine cargo could contain a weapon that might have the magnitude of a 64 See #Eight%20Special%20Recommendations . 65 For an update, see . 66 See . 67 See, e.g., Maarten van de Voort & Kevin A. O’Brien, “Seacurity:” Improving the Security of the Global Sea Container Shipping System (Rand Europe 1993); OECD Directorate for Science and Technology, Security in Maritime Transport: Risk Factors and Economic Impact (July 2003), available at . See also Sarah Murray, Monitoring Cargo Becomes a High Global Priority , Financial Times, December 3, 2003, p. 4. “A recent exercise by consultants and business researchers estimated that a terrorist attack involving dirty bombs in several U.S. ports—creating a cargo backlog taking months to clear—would cost the country almost Dollars 60 bn.”
Image of page 33

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Global Cyberterrorism, Jurisdiction, and International Organization 34 Pearl Harbor. Like the internet, much of the ocean shipping infrastructure, including vessels and port facilities, are privately owned. One parallel is the sheer volume of ocean traffic, involving approximately 46,000 ships and 3,000 ports. 68 There are also obvious differences in terms of velocity, frequency, tangibility, visibility, etc. Clearly, while it may be feasible to require human beings to inspect every container, it is not feasible humanly to inspect every information packet. The U.S. has taken unilateral action, as well as international action, in order to enhance security against terrorism via cargo shipments. The international action has included both bilateral and multilateral initiatives.
Image of page 34
Image of page 35
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern