11.A case might be made for temporary protection of markets with excess productive capacityor excess labor when such protection could facilitate an orderly transition.
12.To encourage development of domestic industries, governments work on reducing trade barriers.
13.In general, tariffs decrease inflationary pressures.
14.Tariffs are often used as reprisals against protectionist moves of trading partners.
15.Quotas strictly permit importing on a case-by-case basis.