For muslims the dome of the rock is not a mosque but

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11.For Muslims, the Dome of the Rock is not a mosque, but a place of rare distinction, where one may think upon the one God of ___________, a place of silent prayer. 12.Following a grueling struggle against a faction led by Muhammad's son-in-law Ali, later to become the Shiites, the Umayyads of Mecca carried the day. This meant victory for Sunni Islam, that's to say, those who followed the ______________, or tradition of the prophet and the four righteous caliphs. 13.But it would be quite wrong to suggest that only Islam conducted holy wars. Judaism, too, went to war in the name of God. So didthe Christians in the Crusades, but also in the missionary component of centuries of colonial conquest, which affected almost all of the Muslim world, and is traumatic for Muslims to this day. In every religion, we encounter the problem of __________.
14.Islamic theology also ended its classic phase at this time. The scholastics poured forth books trying to elucidate Islam in rational terms. Theologians who took this rational approach even held that the Quran was not the everlasting, unchanging word of God, but had been made by men and was, therefore, by no means ____________. 15.Every mosque has a facility for ritual ablution to cleanse oneself of impurities. For Islam, these originate in excretion, sexual intercourse, menstruation, and also sleep. The face, hands, lower arms, and feet are washed. If no water is available, sand will do. Only after these ablutions are the faithful ready for __________.

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