iv 說明兩 者的相同及相 異 之 處 � 段落 要點 首 段 陳述比較 事物的相同及差 異 的地方 主要� 容 詳 細

Iv 說明兩 者的相同及相 異 之 處 ? 段落

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iv 說明兩 者的相同及相 段落 要點: 陳述比較 事物的相同及差 的地方。 主要內 說明比較 事物的 同,可以 subject-by-subject ,先用一 段落說明 一事物,跟著一 段說明 另一事物,如此 類推 ;亦 可以用 point-by-point ,就
面比較兩 事物的 或同,在同一 段落 中出現,下一 段則比較兩 者的 他方 如此 類推 總結 總結 須提及 比較 事物,及重 文章的主題。 V 說明 法: 情形 :一是列 舉舉 例, 說明 事物或事 包括 範圍; 二是 典型 例,例子 ,能 說明 要講的問題。 說明 文中的 例與 論文中的 例有所不同,前者是為 所要 說明 情況 ,使人 有所知 後者是為 觀點的正確,使人有所 Exercises: Choose one of the titles and write a composition of about 120 words. 1. True Love (using extended definition) 2. Varieties of Friendship (using classification) 3. American movies and Chinese movies (using comparison) 4. Greed (using examples) 第四課: 論文( Argumentative Essay 論文是 說理 的文章 ,可以 說明 文的 延伸 除了 用於 的論文寫作之 ,也 常見 於一 報章 雜誌 對現 生活中的 種問題, 邏輯思 過分 及列 闡明 作者的觀點或 解。 論文的構成有三 分:論點( viewpoint fact, evidence substantiation )。論點是作者表 的主 及觀點 是用來 證明 論點的 及事 實; 用論 證明 論點的過 和方法,表 論點與論 的邏輯關 論方法如下: 1 引言 :可分 兩部 分,一是 出問題,二是提出定 闡明 料。 2 ) 作者論點的 陳述 3 ) 不同觀點的 陳述 4 結果 5 ( ) 引言 Introduction )的一 方法如下: 1 或事 Statistics / Facts
Each 60 seconds 3 people are killed by handguns. Handgun shootings have taken the lives of doctors, lawyers, politicians and even nuns. More people die by handgun shootings than by cancer. There must be stricter handgun law enforcement. 2 ) 表 主題的重要 Importance of Topic The Constitution guarantees it. The colonists were protected by it and modern day Americans insist on it. The right to bear arms means Americans should be able to purchase guns for their protection and for their sport. 3 ) 問題 Questions Is your husband using his computer to cheat on you? Are your kids fantasizing about sex on the internet? Do you know where your kids and spouse are? If they are in front of the computer, you might have reason to worry. There are several reasons why the computer is not “man's best friend.” 4 Zigzag New York City has an international reputation for being “the city that never sleeps.” In other words, criminals work 24 hours a day in the “Big Apple.” However, if recent statistics are correct, this reputation is undeserved. In fact, New York City might be one of the safest cities in the world. ( ) 論的寫法: 1 Make a plea for a change. The parents, the schools and the government must make a combined effort to educate young people about the dangers of drug abuse. Moreover, the whole society must change its attitude toward such over the counter preparations as sleeping pills, diet pills and tranquilizers. The careless use of these drugs creates an atmosphere that invites the use of illegal narcotics.

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