New hampshire became a separate colony and maine

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New Hampshire became a separate colony and Maine remained part of Massachusetts.Settlers and Natives:“Praying Indians”: Natives that converted to Christianity and joined Puritan communities.The Pequot War, King Philip’s War, and the Technology of Battle:The Pequot War: English settles in Connecticut Valley and Pequot Indians competed overtrade with the Dutch in New Netherland and land.-English united with Mohegan and Narragansett Indians.King Philip’s War: The most prolonged and deadly encounter between whites and Indians in the 17thCentury in 1675. English settlers fought against Wampanoag tribe.-Tribe terrorized Massachusetts for three years but the whites fought back allied with the Mohawks, and praying Indians.-Whites won war, killing Metacomet and weaken their tribe.French and Dutch imposed a huge threat on English settlers.Flintlock Musket: New weapon Indians used introduced to New England by Miles Standish.-Indians learned how to use these new rifles very well, and used them more than English men did. The number of casualties in King Phillip’s war is due to this new technology.The Restoration Colonies:
AMH 2010Chapter 2 Notes Aug. 31 By 1630s English settlers had established 6 significant colonies:1.Virginia2.Massachusetts3.Maryland4.Connecticut5.Rhode Island6.New Hampshire After 1632 the English government launched no additional colonial ventures because it was preoccupied with troubles of its own at home.The English Civil War:Problems in England aroused when Charles I dissolved parliament, and became an absolute monarch.When he was desperate for money, he called back parliament, asked to levy new taxes and in two years dismissed the members twice.The members got mad and organized a military challenge to the King launching the English Civil War.Roundheads (The forces of Parliament, mostly Puritans) and the Cavaliers (Supporters of the King) fought for 7 years.1649 the Roundheads won the war and decapitated Charles I.Oliver Cromwell: Leader of Roundheads was nominated as “Protector”. When he died hisson took over, but failed so Charles II came back to rule.Charles II rewarded faithful courtiers with grants of land in the New World. He issued charters for four additional colonies : 1.Carolina2.New York3.New Jersey4.PennsylvaniaCompanies were no longer interested in the New World since (finally) they realized no quick profit will be made from them.Colonies were now looked as, as permanent settlements that would provide proprietors with land and power.The Carolinas:Charles II awarded Carolina land to 8 court favorites, all politicians already active in colonial affairs. Received kingly powers over land. (Like Lord Baltimore).Also like Lord Baltimore: They reserved large estates for themselves, and proposed to sell or give away to settlers for annual payments “quitrents”. (Headright system).

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