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rejects socially defined goals and the means to achieve them.There was an empty lot in a middle-class neighborhood that was maintained by a neighbor who lived next to it for years. That neighbor moved away and within a few weeks several bags of garbage and some old furniture were sitting in the lot. Shortly after that, an old car was parked in the lot and teenagers started to gather there to smoke and hang out. Within a few months, there was a mugging by the lot and the police made a couple of arrests for drug dealing there. This series of events is an example of what theory?a.differential opportunity theoryb.broken windows theoryc.labeling theoryd.strain theoryDifferential opportunity theory links what two things in analyzing deviance?a.crime rates and penal codesb.formal and informal social sanctionsc.economic opportunities and crime ratesd.recidivism and rehabilitative justiceDevah Pager’s research on how criminal records deter potential employers illustrates the consequences of ________a.secondary deviance.b.strain.c.anomie.d.stigma.What is the collective conscience?a.a set of norms by which members of society abideb.the morality of a group or networkc.how well people relate to each other
d.mechanisms that create normative complianceAccording to Durkheim, why is a society bound by mechanical solidarity more likely to apply punitive justice rather than rehabilitative justice to a person who violates a law or social norm?a.Such societies do not yet have the intellectual capacity to develop more sophisticated punitive measures.b.A society characterized by mechanical solidarity exhibits little social control over criminals and noncriminals.