The city of teotihuacan in the valley of mexico

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The city of Teotihuacan in the Valley of Mexico emerged as a major center of trade. It was followed by the postclassical Toltec Empire, which adapted the cultural, ritual, and aesthetic practices that influenced later empires like the Aztecs. 4. What were the physical, social, and intellectual features of early societies in the Americas? a. Agricultural advancement had definitive social and political consequences. Careful cultivation of the land brought a reliable and steady food supply, which contributed to a relatively high fertility rate. As a result, population in the Americas grew steadily and may have reached about 15 million by the first century b. c. e. This growth in population allowed for the creation of the first urban societies. 5. What were the sources of strength, prosperity, and problems for the Incas in creating their enormous empire? a. In the center of Peru rise cold highlands of the Andes. Six valleys of fertile and wooded land at altitudes ranging from eight thousand to eleven thousand feet punctuate highland Peru. The largest of these valleys are the Huaylas, Cuzco, and Titicaca. It was there that Inca civilization developed and flourished. Like the Aztecs, the Incas started as a small militaristic group. But they grew in numbers and power as they conquered surrounding groups, eventually establishing one of the most extraordinary empires in the world. Gradually, Inca culture spread
throughout Peru. 6. What aspects of nomadic life gave the nomads of Central Asia military advantages over nearby settled civilizations? a. One experience Rome, Persia, India, and China all shared was conflict with nomads who came from the very broad region referred to as Central Asia. This region was dominated by the steppe, arid grasslands that stretched from modern Hungary, through southern Russia and across Central Asia and adjacent parts of China, to Mongolia and parts of present northeast China. Initially small in number, the nomadic peoples of this region used their military superiority to conquer first other nomads, then the nearby settled societies. In the process they created settled empires of their own that drew on the cultures they absorbed.

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