351 where exceptionally children under the age of 18

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(35.1) Where exceptionally children under the age of 18 years are detained in a prison for adults the authorities shall ensure that, in addition to the services available to all prisoners, prisoners who are children have access to the social, psychological and educational services, religious care and recreational programs or equivalents to them that are available to children in the community. (35.2) Every prisoner who is a child and is subject to compulsory education shall have access to such education. (35.3) Additional assistance shall be provided to children who are released from prison. (35.4) Where children are detained in a prison they shall be kept in a part of the prison that is separate from that used by adults unless it is considered that this is against the best interests of the child. Regarding the European Prison Rules, children, who for committing a crime were sentenced to custody, should be detained in institutions for juveniles, otherwise, if taken to a prison for adults, they 86 66 96 88 103 91 59 74 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 PRISON DENSITY % (Juvenile Prisons) WHAT EUROPEAN PRISON RULES PRESCRIBE REGARDING DETAINED CHILDREN
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European Prison Observatory Prison in Europe: overview and trends 50 should spend their time in completely separate units. As shown in various reports, each country presents traits worth to be highlighted. In Italy, children 14-18 years old and in Poland 13-17 years old spend their period of detention in institutions completely separate from those for adults. In both cases, the management and the organization of children's institutions is separate from that of adults. Both in Italy and in Poland, if young delinquents are still imprisoned at the age of 18 or 17, they remain in the juvenile institutions until they are 21. In Latvia the juvenile prisons host children under the age of 18 and, similar to Italy, also young adults aged 18 to 21, on decision of the prison authorities. In Portugal, only children between 12 and 16 years old can be committed to an Education Centre of the Justice Ministry, because at the age of 16, children accused of criminal offences are judged before a court for adults and, if found guilty, they may be taken to an adult detention centre. In Greece children aged less than 18 years old are kept in special institutions together with young adults (18-21 years old) and exceptionally with men up to 25 years old remained in these special youth institutions for educational purposes. Female juvenile prisoners live in the same institution with adults, being kept in a separate section. In France, minors are detained in special units of a prison or in a prison specially designed for minors. For this reason in France there are 46 special units for minors, domestic for special sentences (i.e. semi- liberty/day release). In Spain the state prison administration does not have any competence concerning juvenile offenders, because this matter is managed by the autonomous communities.
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