Within a given sphere of p188 discourse strive for

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concreteness. Within a given sphere of [[p_188]] discourse, strive for the consistency that fits the logic of that sphere. Take the reasons of the heart seriously, but do not treat them as if they were effective in Pleroma. There is an irony expressed in the unlovely neologism ―Pleromarize.‖ Although language can only be a product of Creatura, it has been shaped, particularly in the sciences, for thee task of describing Pleroma, to take us closer to material reality, which is nevertheless always known at second hand. It is our success in the one realm that leads us to use the same system where it doesn‘t fit. Sometimes accuracy is endangered by the effort of objectivity, and the social sciences are chronically in danger of being distorted by (physical) scientism. Gregory returns again and again to the differences between the way communication must work in Creatura and the way we, having developed our language so that it fits Pleroma, tend to distort. The most important difference that he asserts is that language depends on nouns , which seems to refer to things , while biological communication concerns pattern and relationship. Thus, he asks of the genetic determination of the human hand: Does it specify five fingers (five things or four relations between fingers? And of the cat Kommentar [d67]: [UB] mark
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mewing around its owner‘s ankles: Does it say, ―Milk, milk‖ or ―Dependency, dependency‖? Even the shark, in its various adaptive programs, probably has information about how to relate to the ocean, rather tan about the ocean (there may be no naming of ―water,‖ the matrix of life, any more than the embryo will refer, in its internal communications, to the womb). If it is true that there are things in Pleroma, then nouns (which are not things) are a useful invention for thinking about things but with nouns we have invented the capacity for false reification. There are no things in Creatura only ideas, images, clusters of abstract relations but the vast convenience of talking about things leads us to treat any available idea truth, God, charisma as if it were thing-like. One way of looking at this would be to say that the semantics appropriate to Creatura must consist of relationships. Having asked about the semantics of Creatura, it is reasonable t ask about the syntax. Gregory contrasts the general preference of biological communication for metaphor with the human development of a system organized around nouns set in subject-predicate relations. In metaphor, two complex propositions are set side by side and, to some degree, equated the affirmation lies in juxtaposition. In language, it is possible to separate subject and predicate within a given proposition, so our affirmations lie in predication. Another way in which the internal structure of linguistic [[p_189]] sequences apparently parallels eternal events in logical argument for logic has been developed in such a way as to allow the modelling of lineal causal chains, by the risky device of equating logical entailment (whereby ideas follow from one another) with physical causation (whereby events follow from one another).
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  • Fall '19
  • Gregory Bateson

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