Traffic Channels: Traffic channels carry user information such as encoded speech or user data. Traffic channels are defined by using a 26-frame multiframe. Two general forms are defined: i. Full rate traffic channels (TCH/F), at a gross bit rate of 22.8 kbps (456bits / 20ms) ii. Half rate traffic channels (TCH/H), at a gross bit rate of 11.4 kbps. Uplink and downlink are separated by three slots (bursts) in the 26-multiframe structure. This simplifies the duplexing function in mobile terminals design, as mobiles will not need to transmit and receive at the same time. The 26-frame multiframe structure, shown below multiplexes two types of logical channels, a TCH and a Slow Associated Control CHannel (SACCH). However, if required, a Fast Associated Control CHannel (FACCH) can steal TCH in order to transmit control information at a higher bit rate. This is usually the case during the handover process. In total 24 TCH/F are transmitted and one SACCH. Control Channels: Control channels carry system signalling and synchronisation data for control procedures such as location registration, mobile station synchronisation, paging, random access etc. between base station and mobile station. Three categories of control channel are defined: Broadcast, Common and Dedicated. Control channels are multiplexed into the 51-frame multiframe. JNTU World JNTU World Downloaded From JNTU World ()
Broadcast control channel (BCCH) : A BTS uses this channel to signal information to all MSs within a cell. Information transmitted in this channel is, e.g., the cell identifier, options available within this cell (frequency hopping), and frequencies available inside the cell and in neighboring cells. The BTS sends information for frequency correction via the frequency correction channel (FCCH) and information about time synchronization via the synchronization channel (SCH) , where both channels are subchannels of the BCCH. Common control channel (CCCH) : All information regarding connection setup between MS and BS is exchanged via the CCCH. For calls toward an MS, the BTS uses the paging channel (PCH) for paging the appropriate MS. If an MS wants to set up a call, it uses the random access channel (RACH) to send data to the BTS. The RACH implements multiple access (all MSs within a cell may access this channel) using slotted Aloha. This is where a collision may occur with other MSs in a GSM system. The BTS uses the access grant channel (AGCH) to signal an MS that it can use a TCH or SDCCH for further connection setup. Dedicated control channel (DCCH) : While the previous channels have all been unidirectional, the following channels are bidirectional. As long as an MS has not established a TCH with the BTS, it uses the stand-alone dedicated control channel (SDCCH) with a low data rate (782 bit/s) for signaling. This can comprise authentication, registration or other data needed for setting up a TCH. Each TCH and SDCCH has a slow associated dedicated control channel (SACCH) associated with
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- Winter '16
- Suresh Kumar
- JNTU World