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Taoism is from the Huang He River (China) and focuses on harmony w/ nature and feng shuiIn Class Notes 1/20●Mandarin Chinese is part of Sino-Tibetan language family●Judaism hearth is SW Asia, (Israel//Palestine), unique ethnic religion due to the fact that it’s spread out●Diaspora - spatial scattering of an ethnic group●Zionism - jews want/should remain separate from other societies●Christianity has the same hearth of Judaism●It’s split into Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, and protestant. ●Eastern Orthodox - contagious from constantinople●Protestant - contagious and ●Islam is from the Arabian Peninsula and was founded by Muhammad who was born in Mecca and received the truth from Allah. Spoke the Qu’ran (koran) had 5 pillars●Sunni (Majority) and Shi’ite ( concentrated in Iran) two major divisions. Disagree about succession after muhammad's death●Sunni - family/community to solve problems●Shi’ite - imams w/o sin●Second larges w/ 1.3 billion followers.I think at this point it’s almost too late, but the best way to end to conflict is to start between the younger generations. They haven’t been exposed to the hatred as long as the adults have been. The conflict will never cease completely but by showing to the each other the misconceptions and the no reason to have hatred will at least start it. I agree with these ideas, and also think that for the older generations, the stigma of war has been there far too long for any hope of understanding. To start with the kids, though, is the most effective way to accomplish the goal of peace and cooperation.How is religion seen in the cultural landscape?●Pilgrimage - voluntarily going to a sacred site to pay respect●Sacred sites - places or spaces people infuse with religious meaning●Sites such as Bear Butte and Devils Tower are used as parks and have religious meaning for local Native Americans●A lot of religions share the same sacred placesSacred Sites of Jerusalem●Jerusalem is sacred to Jews, Christians, and Muslims. ●The Western Wall is the most important sacred site for Jews. Here Abraham almost sacrificed his son Isaac at the Temple Mount here.●For Christians it’s sacred for the same reason as Jews but also because Jesus crucifixion took place outsidethe city’s walls. Christians believe that Jesus was taken to a tomb Roman Emperor Constantine that is now achurch and that’s is where he rose from the dead.●Muslims then took over in the 17th centuryLandscapes of Hinduism and Buddhism
●Hindu believe no matter the size all temples should be celebrated, therefore temples lie everywhere●When Buddha enlightenment he sat under a tree, the Bodhi. It is now growing in the site that the original treewas. Tree is watched and protected.