Osowiecki HIST3353 Peer Review Essay revised (1) (3)

Having established the ideal position of pope and

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Having established the ideal position of pope and prince, it remains to be seen which Julius II is more rightly called. However, it does not take very much effort to discover which way Julius leans. When Julius is asked why he makes a point of declaring his nationality, he responds, “I consider it the
Image of page 2

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
very height of piety to ennoble my nation” (p.56). Clearly it is not the occupation of the pope to ennoble any nation, other than that of Christendom. His aim is to strengthen his nation by demonstrating the heights of power that he can attain, and he states there is no more noble goal than aiding one’s own nation. That being said, it is a decidedly secular goal and not one befitting a man holding the station of pope. On the other hand a prince is all but required to ennoble his nation. One must also consider that, Julius’ methods for achieving power are more princely than papal. War, and subterfuge are not arts that should be practiced by a pope. Furthermore, in Erasmus' dialogue Peter asks, “But do you honestly believe that there is no difference between being called holy and being holy” (p.47). Of course Julius II does not even try to respond to the question, because to him there is no difference. To Julius, The appearance of being holy accomplishes all the same functions of actually being holy and so to him it simply seems a waste. This is perhaps the worst attitude that a pope could possess. This falseness may be shameful for a pope, even sacrilegious, but as Machiavelli makes clear it is perfect for a prince, “For this reason a prince...may appear to him who sees and hears him altogether merciful, faithful, humane, upright, and religious. There is nothing more necessary to appear to have than this last quality...”(Machiavelli Chapter 18). In this quote Machiavelli contends that a man that is actually religious finds his ability to govern severely hindered by his beliefs. However, a man that is capable of appearing religious while retaining his ability to perform objectionable tasks finds himself far more adaptable to the rigors of leadership. Julius is also incredibly proud of the immense wealth and stature that he has brought to the position of pope. A position that Erasmus claims should be charitable and chaste, demonstrating another issue that Erasmus takes with Julius. However, not everyone is against the accumulation of
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern