Charles tilly war making and state making as an

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Charles Tilly: war making and state making as an Organized crime War making: eliminating or neutralizing external wielders of power State making: eliminating or neutralizing domestic wielders of power Protection: eliminating or neutralizing competitors of clients within and outside of territory Extraction: obtaining resources for the above Peace of Westphalia 1648
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The Establishment of the Westphalian State System Colonialism defined, Immanuel Wallerstein: -The search by European States for regions rich enough to be exploited and weak enough to be conquered -Spain and portugal and the the Americas: Jackpot (venezuela was affected the most) -British colonial expansion -French, Dutch, Belgium, German...colonial expansion -The scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference of 1884 (In the berlin conference the leaders of Europe sat down with a big map of Africa and put lines across the map and ruled out where the colonies went) (King Leopold and the Republic of the Congo) (How states arrived in Africa) (Rwandan genocide related to German and Belgium) (overthrow of democratic government in chile) (Asia had a great deal of wealth) (Jewel in the crown is India and they had a great deal of Cotton) (Ghandi instructed his members to have non-cooperation = stop buying british goods) (England outlawed the making of salt) (British were dominant is south asia, France was dominant is southeast Asia) (colonialism dominance over Asia) (The middle east was controlled by the ottoman empire) (Germany was a new industrialized country and ran into a problem that they needed external factors for their industries) (the middle east became dominated by nation states) (President announced in 1916 the Americans were gonna make the self determination of Nations) -The idea of the “Nation state” , Nationalism and the french revolution -The Concert of Europe -WW1, Wilsonianism “making the world safe for democracy) -A “nation's” right to self-determination -The treaty of Versaille, The League of Nations, collective security, Great Depression -WWII - “Total war” > Total devastation: Hamburg, Dresden, Tokyo and Hiroshima Cold war: The 19th and 20th century moved through phases such as the french revolution -Multi polar system -Rise of Germany Suddenly was born into question -WW1 was the first industrial war -How long you could keep supplying troops into the trenches -Creation of the state system has emerged -Became aware of the vulnerability of those states Week 4 (Chapter 4)
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- Fascism is a system where corporate power and state power are the same thing - By the 1950s there were programs to re arm Germany - Stalin wanted to kill the list of 10 000 Nazi’s and roosevelt rebuttal that - Germany was partitioned by the US - Soviet union taking over Berlin lead the US to blaming the Soviet Union - Us was the most powerful state on the planet at the end of WWII - Soviet Union lost a lot of its own citizens - West Germany was getting the Marshall Plan and east Germany was getting reparations - The difference between East and West turned the tables in favour for the West The Cold War Beginnings from alliances to adversaries: U.S. v. USSR Post War Europe: Stability v. Accountability
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