Universal is a nuclear family complex in which the

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universal is a “nuclear family complex” in which the roles of husband, wife, mother, father, son, daughter, brother, and sister are embodied by people whose biological relationships do not necessarily conform to the Western definitions of these terms. In
ANTH 1120 EXAM REVIEW matrilineal societies, for example, a child may be the responsibility not of his biological genitor but of his mother’s brother, who fulfills the roles typical of Western fatherhood . Extended family : The extended family is the most common type of family in the world. Extended families include at least three generations: grandparents, married offspring, and grandchildren. Joint family : Joint families are composed of sets of siblings, theirs spouses, and their dependent children. Blended family : Blended families are becoming more common, especially in industrial societies like the United States. A blended family is formed when divorced or widowed parents who have children marry. Family by Choice : A relatively newly recognized type of family, again especially in industrial countries like the United States, is the family by choice. The term was popularized by the LGBTQ (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer) community to describe a family not recognized by the legal system. Family by choice can include adopted children, live-in partners, kin of each member of the household, and close friends. Increasingly family by choice is being practiced by unmarried people and families who move away from the consanguine family. 2. What does the history of slavery in the United States tell us about the social construction and representation of race as discussed by Elizabeth Lott (“Love and Theft: The Racial Unconscious of Black Minstrelsy”) AND as depicted in the film Ethnic Notions? Can you draw a relationship between what you’ve learned and the current state of race relations in the United States and Canada? “Race,” as a concept denoting a fundamental division of humanity and usually encompassing cultural as well as physical traits, was crucial in early America. It is defined as a social hierarchy and a culturally assembled form of identity, which is also the presumed inheritance and physical characteristics of a group of people. Racism refers to the discrimination, prejudice, or antagonism that was directed against an individual/group of different race based on the principle that one’s race is high-class and superior. It provided the foundation for the colonization of Native land, the enslavement of American Indians and Africans, and a common identity among socially unequal and ethnically diverse Europeans. African American life in the United States has been framed by migrations, forced and free. In Love and Theft , the two races defined were whites and blacks. White people were considered the upper, superior race class, whereas the black community was undermined. It is clear that the minstrel show’s message was that the black community did not belong at all in the North and only had place on plantations in the Southern

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