Polk d 1845 1849 taylor w 1849 1850 fillmore w 1850

This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 15 pages.

Polk (D): 1845-1849Taylor (W): 1849-1850Fillmore (W): 1850-1853VERY WEAK Pierce (D): 1853-1857LEADERSHIPBuchanon (D): 1857-1861Lincoln (R): 1861-1865I.California’s Gold RushA.Gold discovered by James Marshall at Sutter’s Mill in January 24th, 1848B.San Brannon helped spread newsC.“Dame” Shirley’s letters show a woman’s view of gold rushD.California desires statehood – sends constitution to Congress1.Southerners object as CA wants to be a free state2.Sectional balance at 15 free/15 slave statesII.Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay’s ProposalA.Admit California as a free stateB.Prohibit slave-trading in Washington D.C.C.Create territories in Utah & New Mexico with “Popular Sovereignty” – let people in Utah & New Mexico decide whether or not to have slaveryD.Stiff Fugitive Slave Law1.Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabinwritten in opposition as Northerner’s mostly oppose this lawIII.Kansas – Nebraska Act (1854)A.Stephen A. Douglas, Illinois democrat, proposed and railroad line to west coast & wants Chicago as hub1.Southerners want railroad in South, so Douglas proposes creation of Kansas – Nebraska Territories with Popular Sovereignty2.Missouri Compromise line nullified3.Act signed by President Franklin PierceB.Republican Party forms in opposition to possible slavery expansion through Kansas – Nebraska Act- diverse party1.Whigs compromise largest Republican element, but anti-slavery democrats, free-soilers, and know-nothings joinfree-soilers: 1848 (founded), stood for “free soil & free soil”- free land- free of slaveryknow-nothings: officially called American Party (1849)- started in CA- opposed immigration & slavery- hate blacks, Chinese, & Irish2.Abraham Lincoln, formerly a Whig, joins Republicans
3.Republicans oppose popular sovereignty – status of slavery in territories should be a federal issue, Republicans oppose slavery’s expansion into the Western territories- believe that if slavery is isolated & not allowed to grow, it will slowly/gradually die away- believe South will eventually have to industrializeC.“Bleeding Kansas”1.Kansas erupts in civil war between Abolitionists & pro-slavery advocates2.“Lawrence Raid” – city burned by pro-slavery group- Lecompton Constitution – proposal by a minorityof Kansans to bring Kansas in as a SLAVE state, voted down in Congress3.John Brown, extreme abolitionist, kills 5 pro-slavery men at Pottowottamie (mutilation)4.“Beecher’s Bibles” – rifles sent to Kansas by abolitionistsIV.Slavery Further Divides NationA.Dred Scott Case – can slavery spread to free territories?- slave of army doctor, master dies- should be free (in free territory)- sues, goes to U.S. Supreme CourtRoger B. Taney (Chief Justice of Supreme Court)- slaves are not American citizens- calls slaves property, not human- can carry property across state-linesDIVIDES NATIONB.“Bully Brooks Affair” – Sumner caned in SenateCharles Sumner – abolitionist Senator from Massachusetts- “The Crime Against Kansas”- speech turned into personal attack on Butler (slave owning Senator)- Brooks (Butler’s nephew) beats Sumner with wooden cane in Senate- both cane & skull break

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture