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3. Explain what led to the start of the Sepoy Rebellion. 1123SepoySepoyBritish Soldier
The sepoy rebellion started due to the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the rifle, a rumor was spread that the cartridges were made of cow and pig fat, which was a problem because it went against their religious practices of Hindu and Muslims beliefs. The Rebellion: Why were the sepoys unsuccessful? At first, the sepoys successfully took control of a number of Indian cities including Delhi, but their lack of organization and lack of widespread support in the face of the British colonial system was not enough to retain control of India and drive out the colonizers. The sepoys did not have a clear leader or a command structure. Instead, they fought independently to defend the areas they controlled from the British. They also struggled to gain widespread support from Indians because of religious division. For example, when one of the leaders of the rebellion, a Muslim named Bahadur Shah Zafardeclared himself Emperor of India, Sikhs from the Punjab region of India who had fought against Islamic rule under the Mughals refusedto support him. In addition, the sepoys were only able to get support from some regional princes. Others, who had comfortable positions under British rule, supported the East India Company. Eventually, British reinforcements arrived with new supplies and weapons like siege guns needed to defeat the sepoys encamped in cities. The last rebels were defeated in Gwalior on June 20, 1858 and the warring parties signed a peace treaty on July 8, 1858 ending the war. “The Capture of the Cashmere Gate, 14 Sept. 1857” an engraving published inLondon. Imageis courtesy of wikimedia commons and is in the public domain4. Identify and explain three reasons why the sepoys were unable to free India from the British. The sepoys were unable to free India from the British due to their lack of organization and their lack of widespread support was not enough, the sepoys didn’t have a clear leader or command system. They struggled for support from the Indians because of the religious division, certain regions did not agree with the emperor. Furthermore, the sepoys were unable to gain support fromreligious princes.