No letters by peter james john gnostics and their

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No letters by Peter, James, JohnGnostics and their heretical beliefs:1.Have their own writings, widespread and took many forms2.Reflect unorthodox beliefs; a different god, different Jesus, different type of salvation3.Matter is evil; therefore, creation work of a lesser god, gods perfect goodness won’tallow him to be involved with matter, which is evil4.All people are spiritually asleep and trapped in their material bodies5.We need a spiritual messenger to awaken us and open way to spiritual realm, give usknowledge and inspiration necessary for salvation, that will enable us to reach spiritualcompletenessMontanists and their heretical beliefs:6
1.Founded by Montanus, assisted by two women, Priscilla and Maximillia2.Montanus claims he has Holy Spirit in unique and powerful way3.They are God’s ultimate effort to bring salvation to people4.Holy spirit revealing new truths that go way outside Rule of Faith5.Montanus + Holy Spirit are better than Jesus6.Montanus is replacing Jesus, so Montanist writings should replace Church and itswritings4 reasons for book being included in New Testament canon1.Apostolicitya.Apostolic authorship= reliable text that transmits teaching of Christ2.Antiquitya.Greater age of text gives it authority, especially if can be traced back to Apostles’era3.Orthodoxya.Orthodoxy=correct belief or doctrineb.Text must conform to rule of faithc.Rule of faith transmitted from apostles through bishops4.Consensusa.If many churches value text as authoritative and use it in worship, more likely tobe includedb.Opinion of churches of Rome, Alexandria, Antioch particularly importantAuthority of bishops because of apostolic succession1.Letters of Ignatius of Antioch to churches2.Ignatius instructs churches to recognize bishops’ authority3.Following bishops will guarantee belief in correct teachings = orthodoxy, and preserveunity of all the churchDealing with Controversy(S&C 55-61)Council of Nicaea 325 AD1.Regardless of how genuine, Constantine has committed to Christianity2.Therefore, very concerned when beliefs of Arius threaten to split Christians in empire3.The result is Constantine steps in and calls first church council, atNicaea in 325 ADPolytheism:1.Belief in more than one god2.Gospel says Jesus is the key to salvation3.Christianity monotheistic, not ditheisticPantheism:1.Belief that god is actual part of his creation, or that God is his creation2.If we get God to close to creation, this turns into pantheisma.At this superstitious time, many pagans believe every river, hilltop, and forest hasits resident deityDocetism:1.Jesus only “seems” human7
2.For Jesus to be truly be of God, he cannot be human; the divine cannot take onhuman/material form3.Therefore, Jesus a purely spiritual being; position of Marcion and of GnosticsMonarchianism:1.Mono= one; Arche= ruler2.Monarchianism says God is the one ruler3.He is one and rules as one4.A human Jesus no threat to God or Gods peopleArius and his belief in subordinationism of Jesus:1.Another monarchian option2.Son subordinate to Father; Son created and not eternal; Yet Son also somehow sort ofdivine3.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Holleyman
Tags
Christianity, Emperor Constantine

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