The general policy of the Educational Department as adapted in 1911 and based

The general policy of the educational department as

This preview shows page 75 - 77 out of 89 pages.

Local Advisory Committee on African Education. The general policy of the Educational Department as adapted in 1911 and based upon the excellent work of the great Afro-American known as Mr. Booker T. Washington in a book entitled “working with the hands” not only remained unchanged in principles, but was confirmed and strengthened, first by the agriculture policy of the late Sir Robert Corydon and secondly by the principles advocated by Dr. Jones and the Phelps Stokes Commission, namely Adaptation to Environment in Education , and the distinction between the education of the masses and the education of the leaders. By 1952 the principles governing the curriculum were based as far as possible on the Mentality, Customs and Institutions of the Africans. New knowledge or skill was taught in contact with the indigenous knowledge or skill. The curriculum was developed in view of the needs of the village. The life of the school provided opportunity for the exercise of the quality of character which the colonial office wished to impart and encourage and therefore the curriculum was to utilize every opportunity of education arising in the life of the school. Since independence up to the present there has been a rapid expansion of education in Kenya. First there was the integration of the pre-1963 African. Asian and European syllabuses into one. Then there was the New Primary Approach which was initiated in the mid-fifties by the special centre. The chief developments were seen in classroom practice and in the material used for the teaching of English, Kiswahili, Mathematics and Science by Curriculum Research and Development Centre was formed through amalgamation of the Mathematics and Science Centre with the special centre. By 1968 Kenya Institute of Education (K.I.E) absorbed the C.R.D.C and its on-going projects. The biggest in scale of 75
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these were the safari English Services which were used in standard IV, V and VI in high proportion. 9.2 Curriculum Innovations in Kenya New Primary Approach (NPA) The New Primary Approach was an innovation in the teaching of English in Primary Schools. The programme was initiated as a result of poor performance among the Asian and African children in Kenya. Plans were made to start the programme in Asian Schools first. Four years after the centre was opened, the Oxford University Press launched the PEAK SERIES publications a groups of books in English designed to meet the needs of Asian children in East Africa who begin their primary education in English without prior knowledge of the language. The Ford Foundation provided printing equipment, tape- recorders, and additional staff. By 1963, the New Primary Approach had picked up very much. Teacher Training Colleges introduced the NEW SERIES English Medium. The objective of this special centre was to educate through the medium of English but not to teach English. By this time (1963) the newly independent Kenya commended on the programme by saying that, the government has been actively attacking the problem of standards of primary education from the area of teaching methods and the curriculum. It went on to say that
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